Anterior uveitis, inflammation of the iris or ciliary body of the eye, may be associated with a variety of systemic diseases. Although a leukocytic infiltrate is characteristic of anterior uveitis, few studies have sought to detect factors in aqueous humor that could attract neutrophils or monocytes into the anterior chamber. Using modified Boyden chambers, we found that a 5% concentration of aqueous humor from patients with anterior uveal inflammation induced monocyte movement comparable to optimal or near-optimal concentrations of C(complement)5a or platelet-derived growth factor. Aqueous humor from patients with anterior uveitis induced significantly more monocyte migration than did aqueous humor from two sets of controls (either patients undergoing cataract extraction or patients with posterior uveitis). "Checkerboard" or gradient analysis indicated that a majority of inflammatory disease samples induced monocyte chemotaxis (directed migration) while the control aqueous humor consistently induced chemokinesis (stimulated random migration) (P < 0.02). Despite their ability to induce monocyte migration, samples tended to induce minimal neutrophil migration with the exception of aqueous humor that was obtained from one patient with acute anterior disease. This sample induced marked chemokinesis. Identification of chemotactic activity may clarify the pathogenesis of uveitis and the characterization of leukocyte migration factors in aqueous humor may help define subsets of anterior uveal inflammation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine