Chemistry and structural studies on the dioxygen-binding copper-1,2-dimethylimidazole system

Indrajit Sanyal, Kenneth D. Karlin, Richard W. Strange, Ninian Blackburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Studies of copper complexes with the 1,2-dimethylimidazole (Me2im) system have provided insights into the factors which control dioxygen (O2) binding and activation in imidazole (histidine) ligated copper complexes and proteins. A two-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)2](PF6) (1(PF6)) is formed by the reaction of 1,2-dimethylimidazole with [Cu(CH3CN)4](PF6). Although 1 is unreactive toward O2 or CO, reaction with one additional molar equivalent of Me2im yields a three-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)3] (PF6) (2(PF6)) which reacts with O2 (Cu/O2 = 2:1, manometry), producing the EPR silent dioxygen adduct, formulated as [Cu2(Me2im)6(O2)]2+ (3). The structure of 1 has been studied by X-ray crystallography; it crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4, a = 14.877 (2) Å, b = 15.950 (4) Å, c = 6.931 (4) Å, and β= 108.54 (2)°. The linear two-coordinate Cu(I) structure is typical and contains crystallographically equivalent Cu-N(imid) distances of 1.865 Å. The structures of 2 and 3 have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, using imidazole group-fitting and full curved-wave multiple scattering analysis. Complex 2 is best fit by a T-shaped structure involving two short (1.89 Å) and one longer (2.08 Å) Cu-N(imid) distances. Absorption edge data confirm that the dioxygen complex 3 should be formulated as a Cu(II)-peroxo species. The EXAFS of 3 can be fit by either of two models, A and B. Model A involves a four-coordinate species having a trans-μ-1,2-peroxo bridge, but the edge data do not fully support the presence of square planar coordination. Model B, which is more consistent with the edge data, involves a five-coordinate structure with a bent η22-peroxo bridging between two coppers 2.84 Å apart. XAS studies on the crystallographically characterized complex [{Cu(TMPA)}2-(O2)]2+ (4) (TMPA = tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine) were also used to provide insight into the XAS studies of 3. The reactivity of 3 (-90 °C) has been probed by exposure to a variety of reagents. TMPA causes displacement of the unidentate Me2im ligands producing 4, while H+ liberates H2O2 (74%), CO2 results in the formation of a percarbonato complex (λmax = 350 nm) which thermally degrades to a carbonate species [Cu2(Me2im)6(CO3)]2+ (5), and tertiary phosphines effect the liberation of O2, yielding [Cu(Me2im)3(PR3)]+ (R = Ph (6a); R = Me (6b)). The UV-vis spectroscopic properties of 3 and its reactivity suggest that structure A is more likely, but considerable additional efforts in the area of Cu2O2 structure-spectroscopy-reactivity correlations are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11259-11270
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume115
Issue number24
StatePublished - 1993

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Copper
Oxygen
X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Phosphines
X ray absorption spectroscopy
Multiple scattering
X ray crystallography
X Ray Crystallography
Carbonates
Manometry
Carbon Monoxide
Amines
Paramagnetic resonance
Spectrum Analysis
Chemical activation
Ligands
Spectroscopy
Proteins
1,2-dimethylimidazole
imidazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Chemistry and structural studies on the dioxygen-binding copper-1,2-dimethylimidazole system. / Sanyal, Indrajit; Karlin, Kenneth D.; Strange, Richard W.; Blackburn, Ninian.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 115, No. 24, 1993, p. 11259-11270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sanyal, Indrajit ; Karlin, Kenneth D. ; Strange, Richard W. ; Blackburn, Ninian. / Chemistry and structural studies on the dioxygen-binding copper-1,2-dimethylimidazole system. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1993 ; Vol. 115, No. 24. pp. 11259-11270.
@article{5fa6f988d5424783b8a469933163ef74,
title = "Chemistry and structural studies on the dioxygen-binding copper-1,2-dimethylimidazole system",
abstract = "Studies of copper complexes with the 1,2-dimethylimidazole (Me2im) system have provided insights into the factors which control dioxygen (O2) binding and activation in imidazole (histidine) ligated copper complexes and proteins. A two-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)2](PF6) (1(PF6)) is formed by the reaction of 1,2-dimethylimidazole with [Cu(CH3CN)4](PF6). Although 1 is unreactive toward O2 or CO, reaction with one additional molar equivalent of Me2im yields a three-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)3] (PF6) (2(PF6)) which reacts with O2 (Cu/O2 = 2:1, manometry), producing the EPR silent dioxygen adduct, formulated as [Cu2(Me2im)6(O2)]2+ (3). The structure of 1 has been studied by X-ray crystallography; it crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4, a = 14.877 (2) {\AA}, b = 15.950 (4) {\AA}, c = 6.931 (4) {\AA}, and β= 108.54 (2)°. The linear two-coordinate Cu(I) structure is typical and contains crystallographically equivalent Cu-N(imid) distances of 1.865 {\AA}. The structures of 2 and 3 have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, using imidazole group-fitting and full curved-wave multiple scattering analysis. Complex 2 is best fit by a T-shaped structure involving two short (1.89 {\AA}) and one longer (2.08 {\AA}) Cu-N(imid) distances. Absorption edge data confirm that the dioxygen complex 3 should be formulated as a Cu(II)-peroxo species. The EXAFS of 3 can be fit by either of two models, A and B. Model A involves a four-coordinate species having a trans-μ-1,2-peroxo bridge, but the edge data do not fully support the presence of square planar coordination. Model B, which is more consistent with the edge data, involves a five-coordinate structure with a bent η2-η2-peroxo bridging between two coppers 2.84 {\AA} apart. XAS studies on the crystallographically characterized complex [{Cu(TMPA)}2-(O2)]2+ (4) (TMPA = tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine) were also used to provide insight into the XAS studies of 3. The reactivity of 3 (-90 °C) has been probed by exposure to a variety of reagents. TMPA causes displacement of the unidentate Me2im ligands producing 4, while H+ liberates H2O2 (74{\%}), CO2 results in the formation of a percarbonato complex (λmax = 350 nm) which thermally degrades to a carbonate species [Cu2(Me2im)6(CO3)]2+ (5), and tertiary phosphines effect the liberation of O2, yielding [Cu(Me2im)3(PR3)]+ (R = Ph (6a); R = Me (6b)). The UV-vis spectroscopic properties of 3 and its reactivity suggest that structure A is more likely, but considerable additional efforts in the area of Cu2O2 structure-spectroscopy-reactivity correlations are needed.",
author = "Indrajit Sanyal and Karlin, {Kenneth D.} and Strange, {Richard W.} and Ninian Blackburn",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemistry and structural studies on the dioxygen-binding copper-1,2-dimethylimidazole system

AU - Sanyal, Indrajit

AU - Karlin, Kenneth D.

AU - Strange, Richard W.

AU - Blackburn, Ninian

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Studies of copper complexes with the 1,2-dimethylimidazole (Me2im) system have provided insights into the factors which control dioxygen (O2) binding and activation in imidazole (histidine) ligated copper complexes and proteins. A two-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)2](PF6) (1(PF6)) is formed by the reaction of 1,2-dimethylimidazole with [Cu(CH3CN)4](PF6). Although 1 is unreactive toward O2 or CO, reaction with one additional molar equivalent of Me2im yields a three-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)3] (PF6) (2(PF6)) which reacts with O2 (Cu/O2 = 2:1, manometry), producing the EPR silent dioxygen adduct, formulated as [Cu2(Me2im)6(O2)]2+ (3). The structure of 1 has been studied by X-ray crystallography; it crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4, a = 14.877 (2) Å, b = 15.950 (4) Å, c = 6.931 (4) Å, and β= 108.54 (2)°. The linear two-coordinate Cu(I) structure is typical and contains crystallographically equivalent Cu-N(imid) distances of 1.865 Å. The structures of 2 and 3 have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, using imidazole group-fitting and full curved-wave multiple scattering analysis. Complex 2 is best fit by a T-shaped structure involving two short (1.89 Å) and one longer (2.08 Å) Cu-N(imid) distances. Absorption edge data confirm that the dioxygen complex 3 should be formulated as a Cu(II)-peroxo species. The EXAFS of 3 can be fit by either of two models, A and B. Model A involves a four-coordinate species having a trans-μ-1,2-peroxo bridge, but the edge data do not fully support the presence of square planar coordination. Model B, which is more consistent with the edge data, involves a five-coordinate structure with a bent η2-η2-peroxo bridging between two coppers 2.84 Å apart. XAS studies on the crystallographically characterized complex [{Cu(TMPA)}2-(O2)]2+ (4) (TMPA = tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine) were also used to provide insight into the XAS studies of 3. The reactivity of 3 (-90 °C) has been probed by exposure to a variety of reagents. TMPA causes displacement of the unidentate Me2im ligands producing 4, while H+ liberates H2O2 (74%), CO2 results in the formation of a percarbonato complex (λmax = 350 nm) which thermally degrades to a carbonate species [Cu2(Me2im)6(CO3)]2+ (5), and tertiary phosphines effect the liberation of O2, yielding [Cu(Me2im)3(PR3)]+ (R = Ph (6a); R = Me (6b)). The UV-vis spectroscopic properties of 3 and its reactivity suggest that structure A is more likely, but considerable additional efforts in the area of Cu2O2 structure-spectroscopy-reactivity correlations are needed.

AB - Studies of copper complexes with the 1,2-dimethylimidazole (Me2im) system have provided insights into the factors which control dioxygen (O2) binding and activation in imidazole (histidine) ligated copper complexes and proteins. A two-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)2](PF6) (1(PF6)) is formed by the reaction of 1,2-dimethylimidazole with [Cu(CH3CN)4](PF6). Although 1 is unreactive toward O2 or CO, reaction with one additional molar equivalent of Me2im yields a three-coordinate complex [Cu(Me2im)3] (PF6) (2(PF6)) which reacts with O2 (Cu/O2 = 2:1, manometry), producing the EPR silent dioxygen adduct, formulated as [Cu2(Me2im)6(O2)]2+ (3). The structure of 1 has been studied by X-ray crystallography; it crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4, a = 14.877 (2) Å, b = 15.950 (4) Å, c = 6.931 (4) Å, and β= 108.54 (2)°. The linear two-coordinate Cu(I) structure is typical and contains crystallographically equivalent Cu-N(imid) distances of 1.865 Å. The structures of 2 and 3 have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, using imidazole group-fitting and full curved-wave multiple scattering analysis. Complex 2 is best fit by a T-shaped structure involving two short (1.89 Å) and one longer (2.08 Å) Cu-N(imid) distances. Absorption edge data confirm that the dioxygen complex 3 should be formulated as a Cu(II)-peroxo species. The EXAFS of 3 can be fit by either of two models, A and B. Model A involves a four-coordinate species having a trans-μ-1,2-peroxo bridge, but the edge data do not fully support the presence of square planar coordination. Model B, which is more consistent with the edge data, involves a five-coordinate structure with a bent η2-η2-peroxo bridging between two coppers 2.84 Å apart. XAS studies on the crystallographically characterized complex [{Cu(TMPA)}2-(O2)]2+ (4) (TMPA = tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine) were also used to provide insight into the XAS studies of 3. The reactivity of 3 (-90 °C) has been probed by exposure to a variety of reagents. TMPA causes displacement of the unidentate Me2im ligands producing 4, while H+ liberates H2O2 (74%), CO2 results in the formation of a percarbonato complex (λmax = 350 nm) which thermally degrades to a carbonate species [Cu2(Me2im)6(CO3)]2+ (5), and tertiary phosphines effect the liberation of O2, yielding [Cu(Me2im)3(PR3)]+ (R = Ph (6a); R = Me (6b)). The UV-vis spectroscopic properties of 3 and its reactivity suggest that structure A is more likely, but considerable additional efforts in the area of Cu2O2 structure-spectroscopy-reactivity correlations are needed.

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