Characterization of residual stresses in veneering ceramics for prostheses with zirconia framework

Vagner Flávio Reginato, Daniel Takanori Kemmoku, Ricardo Armini Caldas, Ataís Bacchi, Carmem Silvia Pfeifer, Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE or α) and glass transition temperature (Tg) of three veneering ceramics used with zirconia frameworks of full-arch fixed prostheses. The generation of residual stresses and linear contraction after the simulation of the cooling process and mechanical loading were measured. The analysis was based on the finite element method in three-dimensional model of a maxillary full-arch fixed prosthesis with zirconia framework (e.max ZirCAD) and veneer by felsdpathic ceramics (GEC-IPS e.max Ceram, GVM-Vita VM9 and GLC-Lava Ceram). The linear contraction simulation was performed by cooling the structures from the Tg of each veneer ceramic at room temperature (25°C). A loading of 100 N on the occlusal region of the first molar was performed. The magnitude of the maximum principal stress (s max ) and linear contraction were evaluated. The levels of CTE mismatch between veneering ceramics and framework showed no relevant influence on s max and linear contraction. The Tg values of the veneer ceramic showed to be directly proportional to amount of s max and linear contraction. The GEC presented the highest values of s max and linear contraction. The GVM and GLC did not present significant differences between them. In conclusion, GVM was similar to GLC, while GEC presented differences in relation to other veneer ceramics in terms of residual stress and linear contraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalBrazilian dental journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Complete denture
  • Dental implant
  • Finite element analysis
  • Veneer ceramic
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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