Recombinant E. coli 5'-methylthioadenosine/S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (EC 220.127.116.11) was used to study the potential for this enzyme to serve as a target for chemotherapeutic intervention. An examination of the parameters required for enzymatic activity indicate that the nucleosidase functions over a broad range of pH and temperature, with acidic conditions and temperatures of 37-45°C being optimal. Analogs of 5'-methylthioadenosine and adenosine were assessed as potential enzyme inhibitors and to provide details regarding substrate specificity and reaction mechanism. The 5'-arylthio analog, 5'-(p-nitrophenyl)thioadenosine, was the most potent enzyme inhibitor studied, with a K(i) of 20nM. A mutant of the nucleosidase lacking the first 8 amino acids was engineered to determine tile contribution of these conserved residues toward enzyme specificity. The truncated enzyme exhibited a K(m[MTA]) of 1.43 μM, approximately 3 fold higher than the K(m) reported for the full-length nucleosidase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Nov 21 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology