Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-related protein-1 (IGFBP- rP1; also known as Mac25, TAF, and PSF) is a member of the IGFBP superfamily. It is a cystein-rich protein that shares structural and functional similarities with the conventional IGFBPs. In situ hybridization of prostate tissue sections Show intense IGFBP-rP1 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression in normal stroma and glandular epithelium. There was a significant loss of detectable IGFBP-rP1 mRNA in metastatic prostate tissue. IGFBP-rP1 mRNA (Northern blots) and protein (immunoblots) were detectable in primary cultures of prostatic stromal and epithelial cells as well as in the immortalized nonmalignant prostatic human epithelial cells, P69, and in the P69 metastatic subline, M12. IGFBP-rP1 expression was not detectable in the prostatic cancer cell lines PC-3, DU145, and LNCaP. IGFBP-rP1 expression was regulated in P69 cells but not in M12 cells. Protein and mRNA expression was up-regulated by IGF-I, transforming growth factor-β, and retinoic acid. The observations that IGFBP-rP1 expression is significantly diminished in prostate tumorigenesis and is regulated in nonmalignant prostate cells suggest IGFBP-rP1 is important in normal prostatic cell growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical