Purpose Determine the characteristics of percutaneous core biopsies that are adequate for a next generation sequencing (NGS) genomic panel. Materials and methods All patients undergoing percutaneous core biopsies in interventional radiology (IR) with samples evaluated for a 46-gene NGS panel during 1-year were included in this retrospective study. Patient and procedure variables were collected. An imaging-based likelihood of adequacy score incorporating targeting and sampling factors was assigned to each biopsied lesion. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed. Results 153 patients were included (58.2% female, average age 59.5 years). The most common malignancy was lung cancer (40.5%), most common biopsied site was lung (36%), and average size of biopsied lesions was 3.8 cm (+/- 2.7). Adequacy for NGS was 69.9%. Univariate analysis showed higher likelihood of adequacy score (p = 0.004), primary malignancy type (p = 0.03), and absence of prior systemic therapy (p = 0.018) were associated with adequacy for NGS. Multivariate analysis showed higher adequacy for lesions with likelihood of adequacy scored 3 (high) versus lesions scored 1 (low) (OR, 7.82; p = 0.002). Melanoma lesions had higher adequacy for NGS versus breast cancer lesions (OR 9.5; p = 0.01). Absence of prior systemic therapy (OR, 6.1; p = 0.02) and systemic therapy </ = 3 months (OR 3.24; p = 0.01) compared to systemic therapy >3 months before biopsy yielded greater adequacy for NGS. Lesions <3 cm had greater adequacy for NGS than larger lesions (OR 2.72, p = 0.02). Conclusion As targeted therapy becomes standard for more cancers, percutaneous biopsy specimens adequate for NGS genomic testing will be needed. An imaging-based likelihood of adequacy score assigned by IR physicians and other pre-procedure variables can help predict the likelihood of biopsy adequacy for NGS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)