Changing trends in mortality among New Mexico's American Indians, 1958-1987

Thomas Becker, C. L. Wiggins, C. R. Key, J. M. Samet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Health care availability and living conditions have improved substantially for American Indians in New Mexico over the past quarter century. To investigate the impact of these changes on health statistics, we examined mortality data collected from 1958 to 1987 for American Indians in the state. We analysed the data for all causes of death combined and for specific causes, and compared these data with figures for nonHispanic whites in the state. Age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated for 5-year periods for each ethnic-gender group, using denominators from US Census reports. Mortality rates for all causes combined did not improve significantly for American Indian males from 1958 to 1987, although the rates for American Indian females showed an 8% decline. Infectious disease-related mortality rates for American Indians decreased dramatically over the 30-year study period; however, mortality rates for cancer and diabetes increased over the 30-year period. Mortality rates for injuries and alcoholism among American Indians increased greatly from 1958 to 1977 and then declined later in the study period, but they were consistently higher than rates for whites. The study indicates that several chronic diseases remain of major public health importance for New Mexico's American Indian population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)690-700
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volume21
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

North American Indians
Mortality
Social Conditions
Censuses
Ethnic Groups
Alcoholism
Communicable Diseases
Cause of Death
Chronic Disease
Public Health
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Wounds and Injuries
Population
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Changing trends in mortality among New Mexico's American Indians, 1958-1987. / Becker, Thomas; Wiggins, C. L.; Key, C. R.; Samet, J. M.

In: International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1992, p. 690-700.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Becker, Thomas ; Wiggins, C. L. ; Key, C. R. ; Samet, J. M. / Changing trends in mortality among New Mexico's American Indians, 1958-1987. In: International Journal of Epidemiology. 1992 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 690-700.
@article{714389abc5834925a6a5ad1a23ad4b86,
title = "Changing trends in mortality among New Mexico's American Indians, 1958-1987",
abstract = "Health care availability and living conditions have improved substantially for American Indians in New Mexico over the past quarter century. To investigate the impact of these changes on health statistics, we examined mortality data collected from 1958 to 1987 for American Indians in the state. We analysed the data for all causes of death combined and for specific causes, and compared these data with figures for nonHispanic whites in the state. Age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated for 5-year periods for each ethnic-gender group, using denominators from US Census reports. Mortality rates for all causes combined did not improve significantly for American Indian males from 1958 to 1987, although the rates for American Indian females showed an 8{\%} decline. Infectious disease-related mortality rates for American Indians decreased dramatically over the 30-year study period; however, mortality rates for cancer and diabetes increased over the 30-year period. Mortality rates for injuries and alcoholism among American Indians increased greatly from 1958 to 1977 and then declined later in the study period, but they were consistently higher than rates for whites. The study indicates that several chronic diseases remain of major public health importance for New Mexico's American Indian population.",
author = "Thomas Becker and Wiggins, {C. L.} and Key, {C. R.} and Samet, {J. M.}",
year = "1992",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "690--700",
journal = "International Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0300-5771",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing trends in mortality among New Mexico's American Indians, 1958-1987

AU - Becker, Thomas

AU - Wiggins, C. L.

AU - Key, C. R.

AU - Samet, J. M.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Health care availability and living conditions have improved substantially for American Indians in New Mexico over the past quarter century. To investigate the impact of these changes on health statistics, we examined mortality data collected from 1958 to 1987 for American Indians in the state. We analysed the data for all causes of death combined and for specific causes, and compared these data with figures for nonHispanic whites in the state. Age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated for 5-year periods for each ethnic-gender group, using denominators from US Census reports. Mortality rates for all causes combined did not improve significantly for American Indian males from 1958 to 1987, although the rates for American Indian females showed an 8% decline. Infectious disease-related mortality rates for American Indians decreased dramatically over the 30-year study period; however, mortality rates for cancer and diabetes increased over the 30-year period. Mortality rates for injuries and alcoholism among American Indians increased greatly from 1958 to 1977 and then declined later in the study period, but they were consistently higher than rates for whites. The study indicates that several chronic diseases remain of major public health importance for New Mexico's American Indian population.

AB - Health care availability and living conditions have improved substantially for American Indians in New Mexico over the past quarter century. To investigate the impact of these changes on health statistics, we examined mortality data collected from 1958 to 1987 for American Indians in the state. We analysed the data for all causes of death combined and for specific causes, and compared these data with figures for nonHispanic whites in the state. Age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated for 5-year periods for each ethnic-gender group, using denominators from US Census reports. Mortality rates for all causes combined did not improve significantly for American Indian males from 1958 to 1987, although the rates for American Indian females showed an 8% decline. Infectious disease-related mortality rates for American Indians decreased dramatically over the 30-year study period; however, mortality rates for cancer and diabetes increased over the 30-year period. Mortality rates for injuries and alcoholism among American Indians increased greatly from 1958 to 1977 and then declined later in the study period, but they were consistently higher than rates for whites. The study indicates that several chronic diseases remain of major public health importance for New Mexico's American Indian population.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026616130&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026616130&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1521972

AN - SCOPUS:0026616130

VL - 21

SP - 690

EP - 700

JO - International Journal of Epidemiology

JF - International Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0300-5771

IS - 4

ER -