Changes in subphase aggregates in rabbits injured by free fatty acid

Stephen (Steve) Hall, Richard W. Hyde, Robert H. Notter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rabbits treated with intravenous free fatty acid suffer an acute lung injury. Material obtained from these lungs by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has dramatically impaired ability to lower surface tension in vitro despite normal levels of surfactant phospholipids. Although large quantities of surface-active inhibitors are present in BAL, their effects are not sufficient to explain the magnitude of surfactant inactivation. This study determines if alterations in the surfactant aggregates can explain the loss of surfactant function in fatty acid lung injury. In injured animals, the larger, most active surfactant particles recovered by centrifugal pelleting were found to be decreased in amount. The remaining large particles had reduced surface activity compared with control aggregates. In addition, large particles in injured animals had a higher density than control animals on sucrose gradients following equilibrium centrifugation. Interaction with serum components present in the injured BAL could explain these higher densities. The ability of the injured BAL to lower surface tension was improved by supplementation with normal levels of particles from injured lungs. Supplementation of injured BAL with control large aggregates improved activity further and restored the ability to lower surface tension to <1 mN/m. Therefore both the decreased amount and activity of large surfactant aggregates in injured animals contributed significantly to the observed inactivation of surfactant. Diminished surfactant function from alteration in surfactant aggregates is a mechanism common to other forms of acute lung injury, and the design of therapies with exogenous surfactants in injured lungs will need to consider strategies that restore surfactant function towards normal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1106
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume149
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1994

Fingerprint

Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Surface-Active Agents
Rabbits
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Surface Tension
Acute Lung Injury
Lung
Lung Injury
Centrifugation
Sucrose
Phospholipids
Fatty Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Changes in subphase aggregates in rabbits injured by free fatty acid. / Hall, Stephen (Steve); Hyde, Richard W.; Notter, Robert H.

In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 149, No. 5, 05.1994, p. 1099-1106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{71cb781e7e544240a2aa34ef327e608d,
title = "Changes in subphase aggregates in rabbits injured by free fatty acid",
abstract = "Rabbits treated with intravenous free fatty acid suffer an acute lung injury. Material obtained from these lungs by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has dramatically impaired ability to lower surface tension in vitro despite normal levels of surfactant phospholipids. Although large quantities of surface-active inhibitors are present in BAL, their effects are not sufficient to explain the magnitude of surfactant inactivation. This study determines if alterations in the surfactant aggregates can explain the loss of surfactant function in fatty acid lung injury. In injured animals, the larger, most active surfactant particles recovered by centrifugal pelleting were found to be decreased in amount. The remaining large particles had reduced surface activity compared with control aggregates. In addition, large particles in injured animals had a higher density than control animals on sucrose gradients following equilibrium centrifugation. Interaction with serum components present in the injured BAL could explain these higher densities. The ability of the injured BAL to lower surface tension was improved by supplementation with normal levels of particles from injured lungs. Supplementation of injured BAL with control large aggregates improved activity further and restored the ability to lower surface tension to <1 mN/m. Therefore both the decreased amount and activity of large surfactant aggregates in injured animals contributed significantly to the observed inactivation of surfactant. Diminished surfactant function from alteration in surfactant aggregates is a mechanism common to other forms of acute lung injury, and the design of therapies with exogenous surfactants in injured lungs will need to consider strategies that restore surfactant function towards normal.",
author = "Hall, {Stephen (Steve)} and Hyde, {Richard W.} and Notter, {Robert H.}",
year = "1994",
month = "5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "149",
pages = "1099--1106",
journal = "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine",
issn = "1073-449X",
publisher = "American Thoracic Society",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in subphase aggregates in rabbits injured by free fatty acid

AU - Hall, Stephen (Steve)

AU - Hyde, Richard W.

AU - Notter, Robert H.

PY - 1994/5

Y1 - 1994/5

N2 - Rabbits treated with intravenous free fatty acid suffer an acute lung injury. Material obtained from these lungs by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has dramatically impaired ability to lower surface tension in vitro despite normal levels of surfactant phospholipids. Although large quantities of surface-active inhibitors are present in BAL, their effects are not sufficient to explain the magnitude of surfactant inactivation. This study determines if alterations in the surfactant aggregates can explain the loss of surfactant function in fatty acid lung injury. In injured animals, the larger, most active surfactant particles recovered by centrifugal pelleting were found to be decreased in amount. The remaining large particles had reduced surface activity compared with control aggregates. In addition, large particles in injured animals had a higher density than control animals on sucrose gradients following equilibrium centrifugation. Interaction with serum components present in the injured BAL could explain these higher densities. The ability of the injured BAL to lower surface tension was improved by supplementation with normal levels of particles from injured lungs. Supplementation of injured BAL with control large aggregates improved activity further and restored the ability to lower surface tension to <1 mN/m. Therefore both the decreased amount and activity of large surfactant aggregates in injured animals contributed significantly to the observed inactivation of surfactant. Diminished surfactant function from alteration in surfactant aggregates is a mechanism common to other forms of acute lung injury, and the design of therapies with exogenous surfactants in injured lungs will need to consider strategies that restore surfactant function towards normal.

AB - Rabbits treated with intravenous free fatty acid suffer an acute lung injury. Material obtained from these lungs by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has dramatically impaired ability to lower surface tension in vitro despite normal levels of surfactant phospholipids. Although large quantities of surface-active inhibitors are present in BAL, their effects are not sufficient to explain the magnitude of surfactant inactivation. This study determines if alterations in the surfactant aggregates can explain the loss of surfactant function in fatty acid lung injury. In injured animals, the larger, most active surfactant particles recovered by centrifugal pelleting were found to be decreased in amount. The remaining large particles had reduced surface activity compared with control aggregates. In addition, large particles in injured animals had a higher density than control animals on sucrose gradients following equilibrium centrifugation. Interaction with serum components present in the injured BAL could explain these higher densities. The ability of the injured BAL to lower surface tension was improved by supplementation with normal levels of particles from injured lungs. Supplementation of injured BAL with control large aggregates improved activity further and restored the ability to lower surface tension to <1 mN/m. Therefore both the decreased amount and activity of large surfactant aggregates in injured animals contributed significantly to the observed inactivation of surfactant. Diminished surfactant function from alteration in surfactant aggregates is a mechanism common to other forms of acute lung injury, and the design of therapies with exogenous surfactants in injured lungs will need to consider strategies that restore surfactant function towards normal.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028230213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028230213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 149

SP - 1099

EP - 1106

JO - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

JF - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

SN - 1073-449X

IS - 5

ER -