Effects of dietary protein concentration on plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amino acids (AA) in dogs with portacaval shunts (PCS) were examined. An 18% protein purified diet (18P) was fed to 4 PCS dogs and 2 controls; at week 10, 2 of the PCS dogs were switched to 36% protein (36P) until week 28. Effects of the diet switch on plasma and CSF AA in 8 normal dogs were determined in another experiment. Neither surgery nor protein level significantly affected average food intake (weeks 10-28). Plasma amino acid patterns typical of PCS animals were observed: phenylalanine and tyrosine increased and branched chain AA decreased with shunting (p<0.05). Plasma phenylalanine increased further with 36P in PCS dogs (p<0.05), but was not affected by dietary protein concentration in controls. With 36P: CSF arginine, serine, histidine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, glutamate and glutamine increased in PCS dogs; but only arginine decreased in CSF of controls (p<0.05). In PCS dogs, significant CSF AA changes with elevated dietary protein were unrelated to plasma AA changes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)