Changes in 24-h area-under-the-curve ghrelin values following diet-induced weight loss are associated with loss of fat-free mass, but not with changes in fat mass, insulin levels or insulin sensitivity

Jonathan Purnell, D. Cummings, D. S. Weigle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine which parameters of body composition or metabolism best correlate with changes in 24 h ghrelin levels following weight loss. Design: A 3-month low-calorie diet followed by 3 months of weight stabilization. Subjects: Twelve overweight and obese adult men and women. Measurements: Body composition by underwater weighing, abdominal fat depots, leptin, ghrelin and parameters of insulin and lipid metabolism. Results: Increased 24 h ghrelin levels after weight loss correlated with decreases in body mass index, subcutaneous fat and fat-free mass (FFM), but not with changes in fat mass, fat cell size, leptin, insulin, insulin sensitivity, lipids or free fatty acid levels. The change in FFM correlated with the rise in ghrelin levels independently of body adiposity. Discussion: Alterations in FFM with diet-induced weight loss may play a role in ghrelin regulation. Changes in ghrelin levels could, then, serve as an integrative signal reflecting changes in FFM to hypothalamic centers controlling energy homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-389
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Fingerprint

Reducing Diet
ghrelin
Ghrelin
insulin resistance
Area Under Curve
Insulin Resistance
insulin
weight loss
Fats
Insulin
lipids
diet
Leptin
Body Composition
leptin
body composition
Weight Loss
Caloric Restriction
Abdominal Fat
low calorie diet

Keywords

  • Fat mass
  • Fat-free mass
  • Ghrelin
  • Insulin
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Changes in 24-h area-under-the-curve ghrelin values following diet-induced weight loss are associated with loss of fat-free mass, but not with changes in fat mass, insulin levels or insulin sensitivity",
abstract = "Objective: To determine which parameters of body composition or metabolism best correlate with changes in 24 h ghrelin levels following weight loss. Design: A 3-month low-calorie diet followed by 3 months of weight stabilization. Subjects: Twelve overweight and obese adult men and women. Measurements: Body composition by underwater weighing, abdominal fat depots, leptin, ghrelin and parameters of insulin and lipid metabolism. Results: Increased 24 h ghrelin levels after weight loss correlated with decreases in body mass index, subcutaneous fat and fat-free mass (FFM), but not with changes in fat mass, fat cell size, leptin, insulin, insulin sensitivity, lipids or free fatty acid levels. The change in FFM correlated with the rise in ghrelin levels independently of body adiposity. Discussion: Alterations in FFM with diet-induced weight loss may play a role in ghrelin regulation. Changes in ghrelin levels could, then, serve as an integrative signal reflecting changes in FFM to hypothalamic centers controlling energy homeostasis.",
keywords = "Fat mass, Fat-free mass, Ghrelin, Insulin, Insulin sensitivity, Weight loss",
author = "Jonathan Purnell and D. Cummings and Weigle, {D. S.}",
year = "2007",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1038/sj.ijo.0803401",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "385--389",
journal = "International Journal of Obesity",
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publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
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AU - Purnell, Jonathan

AU - Cummings, D.

AU - Weigle, D. S.

PY - 2007/2

Y1 - 2007/2

N2 - Objective: To determine which parameters of body composition or metabolism best correlate with changes in 24 h ghrelin levels following weight loss. Design: A 3-month low-calorie diet followed by 3 months of weight stabilization. Subjects: Twelve overweight and obese adult men and women. Measurements: Body composition by underwater weighing, abdominal fat depots, leptin, ghrelin and parameters of insulin and lipid metabolism. Results: Increased 24 h ghrelin levels after weight loss correlated with decreases in body mass index, subcutaneous fat and fat-free mass (FFM), but not with changes in fat mass, fat cell size, leptin, insulin, insulin sensitivity, lipids or free fatty acid levels. The change in FFM correlated with the rise in ghrelin levels independently of body adiposity. Discussion: Alterations in FFM with diet-induced weight loss may play a role in ghrelin regulation. Changes in ghrelin levels could, then, serve as an integrative signal reflecting changes in FFM to hypothalamic centers controlling energy homeostasis.

AB - Objective: To determine which parameters of body composition or metabolism best correlate with changes in 24 h ghrelin levels following weight loss. Design: A 3-month low-calorie diet followed by 3 months of weight stabilization. Subjects: Twelve overweight and obese adult men and women. Measurements: Body composition by underwater weighing, abdominal fat depots, leptin, ghrelin and parameters of insulin and lipid metabolism. Results: Increased 24 h ghrelin levels after weight loss correlated with decreases in body mass index, subcutaneous fat and fat-free mass (FFM), but not with changes in fat mass, fat cell size, leptin, insulin, insulin sensitivity, lipids or free fatty acid levels. The change in FFM correlated with the rise in ghrelin levels independently of body adiposity. Discussion: Alterations in FFM with diet-induced weight loss may play a role in ghrelin regulation. Changes in ghrelin levels could, then, serve as an integrative signal reflecting changes in FFM to hypothalamic centers controlling energy homeostasis.

KW - Fat mass

KW - Fat-free mass

KW - Ghrelin

KW - Insulin

KW - Insulin sensitivity

KW - Weight loss

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