Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disease characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, including bilateral juvenile cataracts. Untreated CTX leads to progressive permanent neurologic decline and early death. Although symptoms begin in early childhood, diagnosis and replacement therapy with chenodeoxycholic acid is often delayed until adulthood. Frequently bilateral juvenile cataracts present in early childhood which provides ophthalmologists an opportunity to aid in early diagnosis and initiate treatment. We report the case of a child presenting with juvenile bilateral cataracts leading to the diagnosis of CTX. The morphology of cataracts and the effect of systemic treatment on its progression are described.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health