Centella asiatica (CA) shows considerable promise for development as a botanical drug for cognitive decline. Its primary bioactive components include triterpene glycosides asiaticoside and madecassoside and their corresponding aglycones asiatic acid and madecassic acid. Exploration of the bioactivity of CA's caffeoylquinic acids is ongoing. In this study, an aqueous extract of CA (CAW-R61J) was evaluated for drug interaction potential through inhibition or induction of P450 enzymes, as required by the US Food and Drug Administration. CAW-R61J was assessed for induction potential of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4 using transporter-certified cryopreserved human hepatocytes in sandwich culture. Gene expression of these target P450s was quantified, and enzyme activities were determined to confirm gene expression results. No induction was observed up to 16.7 mg/ml CAW-R61J (equivalent to 1.1 mM asiaticoside, 0.8 mM madecassoside, 0.09 mM asiatic acid, and 0.12 mM madecassic acid). Reversible and time-dependent inhibitory effects of CAW-R61J on CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4/5were evaluated using human livermicrosomes. CAW-R61J showed weak reversible inhibition of most of the P450 forms tested, with thestrongestbeingCYP2C9(IC50of 330μg/ml).CAW-R61J (≤1000 μg/ml) was not a time-dependent inhibitor of any of these P450 enzymes. In summary, CAW-R61J had no, or only a weak impact, on P450 induction and inhibition in vitro. The clinical relevance of these results will depend on the in vivo concentration of CAW-R61J components achieved in humans. Plasma triterpene concentrations measured in our recent clinical studies suggest minimal risk of P450-mediated drug interactions by these components.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science