Cell fusion and stem cells

Alain Silk, Anne E. Powell, Paige S. Davies, Melissa H. Wong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Differentiation, self-renewal and the ability to readily undergo cell fusion are properties of adult and embryonic stem cells. Spontaneous fusion between stem cells, and fusion of stem cells with various differentiated cell types, has been observed in many in vitro and in vivo contexts. Stem cell fusion is implicated in many crucial functions during normal development and is increasingly being harnessed as a tool for regenerative therapies. Experimentally induced fusion between somatic and stem cells forms the basis for our current understanding of nuclear reprogramming. Additionally, the potential fusion of stem cells with cancer cells may have physiologic contributions to aspects of tumor progression and metastasis. Understanding the mechanisms of stem cell fusion might allow manipulation of these processes to affect tissue regeneration, nuclear reprogramming and cancer chemotherapy. In this chapter we consider the functional consequences of stem cell fusion in development, regeneration and disease and postulate how cell fusion might contribute to the advancement of stem cell therapies in regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCell Fusions
Subtitle of host publicationRegulation and Control
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages277-314
Number of pages38
ISBN (Print)9789048197712
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • cell-cell fusion
  • hematopoietic stem cells
  • intestinal stem cells
  • intestine
  • mesenchymal stem cells
  • neural stem cells
  • nuclear reprogramming
  • regeneration
  • stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Silk, A., Powell, A. E., Davies, P. S., & Wong, M. H. (2011). Cell fusion and stem cells. In Cell Fusions: Regulation and Control (pp. 277-314). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9772-9_14