Cell division in higher plants

A cdc2 gene, its 34-kDa product, and histone H1 kinase activity in pea

Heidi Feiler, Thomas W. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mitotic cell cycle of yeast and animal cells is regulated by the cdc2 gene and its product, the p34 protein kinase, and by other components of the MPF or histone H1 kinase complex. We present evidence that cdc2, p34, and a histone H1 kinase also exist in higher plants. Protein extracts from 10 plant species surveyed display a 34-kDa component recognized by a monoclonal antibody directed against an evolutionarily conserved epitope of fission yeast p34. Nondenatured protein extracts of mitotic Pisum sativum (garden pea) tissues were fractionated by gel filtration, electrophoretically separated under denaturing conditions, and immunoblotted. p34 crossreactive material was apparent in both low and high molecular mass fractions, indicating that pea p34 occurs as both a monomer and as part of a high molecular mass complex. Histone H1 kinase activity was found predominantly in the higher molecular mass fractions, those to which the least phosphorylated form of pea p34 was confined. We also report the cloning of the pea homologue of cdc2 by polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequence analysis reveals perfect conservation of the hallmark "PSTAIR" sequence motif found in all cdc2 gene products analyzed to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5397-5401
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume87
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peas
Cell Division
Genes
Schizosaccharomyces
Plant Extracts
DNA Sequence Analysis
Protein Kinases
Gel Chromatography
Organism Cloning
Epitopes
Cell Cycle
Proteins
Yeasts
Monoclonal Antibodies
histone H1 kinase
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Mitosis
  • Pisum sativum
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Protein phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "The mitotic cell cycle of yeast and animal cells is regulated by the cdc2 gene and its product, the p34 protein kinase, and by other components of the MPF or histone H1 kinase complex. We present evidence that cdc2, p34, and a histone H1 kinase also exist in higher plants. Protein extracts from 10 plant species surveyed display a 34-kDa component recognized by a monoclonal antibody directed against an evolutionarily conserved epitope of fission yeast p34. Nondenatured protein extracts of mitotic Pisum sativum (garden pea) tissues were fractionated by gel filtration, electrophoretically separated under denaturing conditions, and immunoblotted. p34 crossreactive material was apparent in both low and high molecular mass fractions, indicating that pea p34 occurs as both a monomer and as part of a high molecular mass complex. Histone H1 kinase activity was found predominantly in the higher molecular mass fractions, those to which the least phosphorylated form of pea p34 was confined. We also report the cloning of the pea homologue of cdc2 by polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequence analysis reveals perfect conservation of the hallmark {"}PSTAIR{"} sequence motif found in all cdc2 gene products analyzed to date.",
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TY - JOUR

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T2 - A cdc2 gene, its 34-kDa product, and histone H1 kinase activity in pea

AU - Feiler, Heidi

AU - Jacobs, Thomas W.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - The mitotic cell cycle of yeast and animal cells is regulated by the cdc2 gene and its product, the p34 protein kinase, and by other components of the MPF or histone H1 kinase complex. We present evidence that cdc2, p34, and a histone H1 kinase also exist in higher plants. Protein extracts from 10 plant species surveyed display a 34-kDa component recognized by a monoclonal antibody directed against an evolutionarily conserved epitope of fission yeast p34. Nondenatured protein extracts of mitotic Pisum sativum (garden pea) tissues were fractionated by gel filtration, electrophoretically separated under denaturing conditions, and immunoblotted. p34 crossreactive material was apparent in both low and high molecular mass fractions, indicating that pea p34 occurs as both a monomer and as part of a high molecular mass complex. Histone H1 kinase activity was found predominantly in the higher molecular mass fractions, those to which the least phosphorylated form of pea p34 was confined. We also report the cloning of the pea homologue of cdc2 by polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequence analysis reveals perfect conservation of the hallmark "PSTAIR" sequence motif found in all cdc2 gene products analyzed to date.

AB - The mitotic cell cycle of yeast and animal cells is regulated by the cdc2 gene and its product, the p34 protein kinase, and by other components of the MPF or histone H1 kinase complex. We present evidence that cdc2, p34, and a histone H1 kinase also exist in higher plants. Protein extracts from 10 plant species surveyed display a 34-kDa component recognized by a monoclonal antibody directed against an evolutionarily conserved epitope of fission yeast p34. Nondenatured protein extracts of mitotic Pisum sativum (garden pea) tissues were fractionated by gel filtration, electrophoretically separated under denaturing conditions, and immunoblotted. p34 crossreactive material was apparent in both low and high molecular mass fractions, indicating that pea p34 occurs as both a monomer and as part of a high molecular mass complex. Histone H1 kinase activity was found predominantly in the higher molecular mass fractions, those to which the least phosphorylated form of pea p34 was confined. We also report the cloning of the pea homologue of cdc2 by polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequence analysis reveals perfect conservation of the hallmark "PSTAIR" sequence motif found in all cdc2 gene products analyzed to date.

KW - Cell cycle

KW - Mitosis

KW - Pisum sativum

KW - Polymerase chain reaction

KW - Protein phosphorylation

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M3 - Article

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