CD8+ T cells inhibit metastasis and CXCL4 regulates its function

Robiya Joseph, Rama Soundararajan, Suhas Vasaikar, Fei Yang, Kendra L. Allton, Lin Tian, Petra den Hollander, Sevinj Isgandarova, Monika Haemmerle, Barbara Mino, Tieling Zhou, Crystal Shin, Melisa Martinez-Paniagua, Aysegul A. Sahin, Jaime Rodriguez-Canales, Juri Gelovani, Jeffrey T. Chang, Ghanashyam Acharya, Anil K. Sood, Ignacio I. WistubaDon L. Gibbons, Luisa M. Solis, Michelle C. Barton, Navin Varadarajan, Jeffrey M. Rosen, Xiang H. Zhang, Sendurai A. Mani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The mechanism by which immune cells regulate metastasis is unclear. Understanding the role of immune cells in metastasis will guide the development of treatments improving patient survival. Methods: We used syngeneic orthotopic mouse tumour models (wild-type, NOD/scid and Nude), employed knockout (CD8 and CD4) models and administered CXCL4. Tumours and lungs were analysed for cancer cells by bioluminescence, and circulating tumour cells were isolated from blood. Immunohistochemistry on the mouse tumours was performed to confirm cell type, and on a tissue microarray with 180 TNBCs for human relevance. TCGA data from over 10,000 patients were analysed as well. Results: We reveal that intratumoral immune infiltration differs between metastatic and non-metastatic tumours. The non-metastatic tumours harbour high levels of CD8+ T cells and low levels of platelets, which is reverse in metastatic tumours. During tumour progression, platelets and CXCL4 induce differentiation of monocytes into myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), which inhibit CD8+ T-cell function. TCGA pan-cancer data confirmed that CD8lowPlatelethigh patients have a significantly lower survival probability compared to CD8highPlateletlow. Conclusions: CD8+ T cells inhibit metastasis. When the balance between CD8+ T cells and platelets is disrupted, platelets produce CXCL4, which induces MDSCs thereby inhibiting the CD8+ T-cell function. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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