Causes of visual impairment and common eye problems in northwest American Indians and Alaska Natives

Steven L. Mansberger, Francine C. Romero, Nicole H. Smith, Chris A. Johnson, George A. Cioffi, Lorna (Beth) Edmunds, Dongseok Choi, Thomas Becker

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Abstract

Objectives. Little information exists regarding the causes of visual impairment and the most common eye problems in American Indians/Alaska Natives. Methods. We randomly sampled American Indians/Alaska Natives older than 40 years from 3 tribes within the Northwest region. Results. We found a higher prevalence of visual impairment and normal-tension glaucoma, as well as a lower prevalence of ocular hypertension, in American Indians/Alaska Natives compared with previous results in other racial/ethnic groups. Conclusions. American Indians/Alaska Natives have a need for vision correction. Future interventions in American Indians/Alaska Natives should include providing spectacles for refractive error, detecting glaucoma, and preventing visual impairment from age-related maculopathy and cataracts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)881-886
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume95
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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