Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Identification of a regulatory autophosphorylation site adjacent to the inhibitory and calmodulin-binding domains

C. M. Schworer, R. J. Colbran, J. R. Keefer, T. R. Soderling

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    142 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) autophosphorylated under limiting conditions (7 μM [γ-32P]ATP, 500 μM magnesium acetate, 4°C) was analyzed by CNBr cleavage and peptide mapping to determine the site of autophosphorylation that brings about transition of the kinase to the Ca2+-independent form. Reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (C3) revealed one major CN-Br 32P-peptide (CB1) that eluted at about 6% propranol. This peptide contained [32P]threonine, but almost no [32P]serine, and migrated as a single band (M(r) = 3000-3500) in polyacrylamide gels run in the presence of urea and sodium dodecyl sulfate. The properties of CB1 were compared to the properties of a 26-residue synthetic peptide containing the CaM-binding and inhibitory domains as well as a consensus phosphorylation sequence (-Arg-Gln-Glu-Thr-) of rat brain CaM-kinase II (residues 282-307 and 283-308 of the α and β subunits, respectively). CB1 and the synthetic peptide comigrated in urea/sodium dodecyl sulfate gels, co-eluted from reverse phase HPLC (C3 and C18) and from Sephadex G-50, and exhibited Ca2a+-dependent calmodulin-binding properties. When the two peptides were subjected to automated Edman sequence analysis, both exhibited a burst of 32P release at cycle 5, which is consistent with the expected amino-terminal sequence of the two peptides, i.e. His-Arg-Gln-Glu-Thr(PO4)-. These findings indicate that autophosphorylation of Thr286 (α subunit) and Thr287 (β subunit) is responsible for transition of CaM-kinase II to the Ca2+-independent form.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)13486-13489
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume263
    Issue number27
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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