Ca2+ transient decline and myocardial relaxation are slowed during low flow ischemia in rat hearts

S. A. Camacho, R. Brandes, V. M. Figueredo, M. W. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanisms that impair myocardial relaxation during ischemia are believed to involve abnormalities of calcium handling. However, there is little direct evidence to support this hypothesis. Therefore, we sought to determine whether the time constant of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+](c)) decline (τ(Ca)) was increased during low flow ischemia, and if there was a relationship between the time constant of left ventricular pressure decline (τ(P)) and τ(Ca). Isolated perfused hearts were studied using indo-1 fluorescence ratio as an index of [Ca2+](c). τ(P) was used as an index of myocardial relaxation. The time constant of decline of the indo-1 ratio increased from 74±5 ms to 95±4, 144±10, and to 204±16 ms when coronary flow was reduced to 50, 20, and 10% of control, respectively. Indo-1 transients were calibrated to calculate τ(Ca). τ(Ca) increased from 67±6 ms to 108±9 and 158±19 ms when coronary flow was reduced to 20 and 10% of control, respectively. There was a linear relationship between τ(Ca) and τ(P) (r = 0.82). These data support the hypothesis that during low flow ischemia, impaired myocardial relaxation may be caused by slowing of [Ca2+](c) decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-957
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • coronary flow
  • fluorescent dyes
  • indo- 1
  • myocardial contraction
  • myocardial relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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