Ca2+-dependent fluorescence transients and phosphate metabolism during low-flow ischemia in rat hearts

S. A. Camacho, V. M. Figueredo, R. Brandes, M. W. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine whether cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+](i)) rises during low-flow ischemia and to determine the mechanisms responsible for contractile dysfunction, isolated rat hearts were studied during graded reductions of coronary flow. Indo 1 fluorescence at 385- and 456-nm wavelengths (F(385/456)) was used as an index of [Ca2+](i). 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to measure free energy of ATP hydrolysis (ΔG(ATP)), intracellular pH (pH(i)), and P(i) in parallel experiments to determine whether these factors may be responsible for increasing diastolic [Ca2+](i) or altering the [Ca2+](i)-pressure relationship. When coronary flow was reduced to 20 and 10% of control, diastolic F(385/456) increased by 14 ± 3 and 39 ± 5%, respectively. Although developed pressure markedly decreased when coronary flow was reduced, there was no change of the F(385/456) transient amplitude (systolic minus diastolic). During low-flow ischemia there was a significant decrease of ΔG(ATP) and increase of P(i) that may lead to increased [Ca2+](i). Furthermore, there was a close inverse relationship between P(i) and developed pressure, suggesting that P(i) is an important regulator of contractility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H114-H122
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume265
Issue number1 34-1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • calcium
  • contractility
  • indo 1
  • magnetic resonance spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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