To investigate the pathway and mechanism of noise exposure induced out hair cells (OHC) apoptosis. The cochleae of control and noise exposure group were dissected. The activity of caspase 3, an important mediator of apoptosis, in OHC, was examined with carboxyfluorescein-labeled fluoromethyl ketone (FMK)-peptide inhibitors. The apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) translocation from mitochondria in OHC were further examined by immunohistology method. The nuclei were labeled with PI and the mitochondrion was labeled with Mito-tracker. Whole mount organ of Corti was prepared. Morphological and fluorescent change was observed use confocal microscope. In the normal OHC, AIF is distributed where the mitochondria were located and no activated caspase 3 was observed. After the animals exposed to broadband noise at 122 dB in 4 h/day for 2 days, both apoptosis and necrosis were appeared in OHC. AIF translocated from mitochondrion to nuclei in apoptotic and necrotic OHC following noise exposure. The noise exposure triggered activation of caspase 3 in apoptic hair cells. But no caspase 3 activation appeared in necrotic OHC. These findings indicated that the caspase-dependent pathway is an important pathway in noise exposure induced apoptosis. And AIF also involves OHC death pathway following noise exposure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery|
|State||Published - Jul 2007|
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