Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of cardiac death in pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) survivors and identify high-risk groups that may need additional surveillance. Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program database was queried to analyze the rates of radiation therapy (RT) use and cardiac-specific mortality (CSM) in HL patients, aged 0-21 years, treated from 1973 to 2007. Primary endpoint was cardiac mortality. Results: A total of 6552 patients were included. Median follow-up was 12 years (range, 0-40). Median age at diagnosis was 17 years (range, 0-21). The majority were white (85.5%), from western states (41.2%), had nodular sclerosis HL (73.2%), presented with stage I or II disease (51.5%), and received RT (56.1%). Death from cardiac disease occurred in 114 patients (9.2% of all deaths). CSM for the entire cohort at 10-, 20-, and 30-year time points was 0.3%, 1.6%, and 5.0%, respectively. Median age at the time of cardiac death was 39 years (range, 18-58 years). Under multivariate analysis (MVA), adolescent patients (ages 13-21) had higher rates of CSM (hazard ratio [HR], 3.05; p = 0.005). Female gender (HR, 0.43; p < 0.001), patients treated from 1998 to 2007 (HR, 0.19; p = 0.018), and those with lymphocyte-rich histology (HR, 0.14; p = 0.047) had significantly lower rates of CSM. Use of RT was not associated with CSM under MVA (HR, 1.18, p = 0.452). Conclusion: The cumulative incidence of CSM in this population analysis of pediatric HL was 9.2%, with a steady decline over the past several decades. Adolescent patients at diagnosis and males were more likely to die of cardiac-related causes.
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health