The carbon monoxide complex of ascorbate-reduced dopamine β-hydroxylase has been prepared and characterized by Fourier transform infrared, fluorescence, and x-ray absorption spectroscopies. CO has previously been shown to be a competitive inhibitor with respect to O2, and binds to only one of the two copper atoms/active site (Blackburn, N. J., Pettingill, T. M., Seagraves, K. S., and Shigeta, R. T. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 15383-15386). Thus, it acts as an excellent probe of the O2-binding site. A single C-O infrared absorption band is observed at 2089 cm-1, shifting by 46 cm-1 to lower energy on substitution with either 13C16O or 12C18O. The 13C isotope shift is reversed to the position expected for 12CO upon vacuum flushing with 12CO gas, indicating that formation of the CO adduct is a fully reversible process. Binding of the substrate tyramine does not eliminate the infrared peak but causes a 3-cm-1 shift to lower energy. On the other hand, binding of a bifunctional inhibitor which cross-links the substrate and O2-binding site does eliminate the CO peak. These data, in conjunction with the competitive nature of CO binding with respect to O2, identify the CO-binding site as the O2-binding site, and place it in close proximity to the substrate-binding site. CO-dopamine β-hydroxylase exhibits no luminescence in the visible region, suggesting a structure different from carbonmonoxy hemocyanin, and in all probability mononuclear. Analysis of extended x-ray absorption spectroscopy data is most consistent with an average coordination per Cu of 2-3 histidines, 0.5 CO, and 0.5 S atoms as ligands, and absorption edge comparisons indicates pseudo-4 coordination as the most likely geometry at each Cu(I) center. The results can be interpreted by a model involving inequivalent 4-coordination at each Cu(I) center in the CO adduct with Cu(A)His3S ... Cu(B)His2CO-X as the coordination most consistent with all of the data.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology