Canine neonatally induced coarctation hypertension in the second year

Variably hyperresponsive plasma renin activity

Susan Bagby, Gerald M. Baur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In canine neonatally-induced coarctation hypertension, we reported abnormally elevated plasma renin activity (PRA) during sodium restriction in 2-year-old dogs, but found normal PRA responses to sodium restriction ± furosemide in coarcted dogs studied serially over the first year post aortic banding (PAB). To resolve this apparent discrepancy in PRA response, longitudinal studies were extended to 2 years PAB. In two separately-studied groups, each with three coarcted and three littermate controls, measurements of indirect forelimb blood pressure (BP) at 15 to 18 months, direct brachial arterial BP at 24 months, and serial measurement of PRA and extracellular volume (ECV, as24Na space) were made over a 15- to 24-month age range during three sodium-volume levels: Ad libitum sodium intake (NS), low-sodium diet alone (LS), and low-sodium plus Lasix (LS/Lasix). While PRA in coarcted dogs of both groups was comparable to controls at NS and LS, PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs significantly exceeded that of littermates during LS/Lasix in both 18- and 24-month studies. In contrast, PRA in Group 2 coarcted dogs was not hyperresponsive to LS/Lasix as compared to simultaneously-studied littermates. The hyperresponsive PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs could not be attributed to larger absolute or relative ECV deficits. Overall, ECV in coarcted dogs of each group was higher on the average but was not statistically different from controls. Results indicate that the hyperresponsive PRA in this canine model is: 1) a variable feature, developing secondarily in the late established phase; 2) reproducible for a given animal; and 3) not attributed to exaggerated ECV deficits during the LS/Lasix protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-335
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Rehabilitation Research
Volume5
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1982

Fingerprint

Renin
Canidae
Hypertension
Sodium
Furosemide
Dogs
Sodium-Restricted Diet
Forelimb
Longitudinal Studies
Arterial Pressure
Arm
Blood Pressure

Keywords

  • Extracellular volume
  • Inbred dogs
  • Littermate control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

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title = "Canine neonatally induced coarctation hypertension in the second year: Variably hyperresponsive plasma renin activity",
abstract = "In canine neonatally-induced coarctation hypertension, we reported abnormally elevated plasma renin activity (PRA) during sodium restriction in 2-year-old dogs, but found normal PRA responses to sodium restriction ± furosemide in coarcted dogs studied serially over the first year post aortic banding (PAB). To resolve this apparent discrepancy in PRA response, longitudinal studies were extended to 2 years PAB. In two separately-studied groups, each with three coarcted and three littermate controls, measurements of indirect forelimb blood pressure (BP) at 15 to 18 months, direct brachial arterial BP at 24 months, and serial measurement of PRA and extracellular volume (ECV, as24Na space) were made over a 15- to 24-month age range during three sodium-volume levels: Ad libitum sodium intake (NS), low-sodium diet alone (LS), and low-sodium plus Lasix (LS/Lasix). While PRA in coarcted dogs of both groups was comparable to controls at NS and LS, PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs significantly exceeded that of littermates during LS/Lasix in both 18- and 24-month studies. In contrast, PRA in Group 2 coarcted dogs was not hyperresponsive to LS/Lasix as compared to simultaneously-studied littermates. The hyperresponsive PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs could not be attributed to larger absolute or relative ECV deficits. Overall, ECV in coarcted dogs of each group was higher on the average but was not statistically different from controls. Results indicate that the hyperresponsive PRA in this canine model is: 1) a variable feature, developing secondarily in the late established phase; 2) reproducible for a given animal; and 3) not attributed to exaggerated ECV deficits during the LS/Lasix protocol.",
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T2 - Variably hyperresponsive plasma renin activity

AU - Bagby, Susan

AU - Baur, Gerald M.

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N2 - In canine neonatally-induced coarctation hypertension, we reported abnormally elevated plasma renin activity (PRA) during sodium restriction in 2-year-old dogs, but found normal PRA responses to sodium restriction ± furosemide in coarcted dogs studied serially over the first year post aortic banding (PAB). To resolve this apparent discrepancy in PRA response, longitudinal studies were extended to 2 years PAB. In two separately-studied groups, each with three coarcted and three littermate controls, measurements of indirect forelimb blood pressure (BP) at 15 to 18 months, direct brachial arterial BP at 24 months, and serial measurement of PRA and extracellular volume (ECV, as24Na space) were made over a 15- to 24-month age range during three sodium-volume levels: Ad libitum sodium intake (NS), low-sodium diet alone (LS), and low-sodium plus Lasix (LS/Lasix). While PRA in coarcted dogs of both groups was comparable to controls at NS and LS, PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs significantly exceeded that of littermates during LS/Lasix in both 18- and 24-month studies. In contrast, PRA in Group 2 coarcted dogs was not hyperresponsive to LS/Lasix as compared to simultaneously-studied littermates. The hyperresponsive PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs could not be attributed to larger absolute or relative ECV deficits. Overall, ECV in coarcted dogs of each group was higher on the average but was not statistically different from controls. Results indicate that the hyperresponsive PRA in this canine model is: 1) a variable feature, developing secondarily in the late established phase; 2) reproducible for a given animal; and 3) not attributed to exaggerated ECV deficits during the LS/Lasix protocol.

AB - In canine neonatally-induced coarctation hypertension, we reported abnormally elevated plasma renin activity (PRA) during sodium restriction in 2-year-old dogs, but found normal PRA responses to sodium restriction ± furosemide in coarcted dogs studied serially over the first year post aortic banding (PAB). To resolve this apparent discrepancy in PRA response, longitudinal studies were extended to 2 years PAB. In two separately-studied groups, each with three coarcted and three littermate controls, measurements of indirect forelimb blood pressure (BP) at 15 to 18 months, direct brachial arterial BP at 24 months, and serial measurement of PRA and extracellular volume (ECV, as24Na space) were made over a 15- to 24-month age range during three sodium-volume levels: Ad libitum sodium intake (NS), low-sodium diet alone (LS), and low-sodium plus Lasix (LS/Lasix). While PRA in coarcted dogs of both groups was comparable to controls at NS and LS, PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs significantly exceeded that of littermates during LS/Lasix in both 18- and 24-month studies. In contrast, PRA in Group 2 coarcted dogs was not hyperresponsive to LS/Lasix as compared to simultaneously-studied littermates. The hyperresponsive PRA in Group 1 coarcted dogs could not be attributed to larger absolute or relative ECV deficits. Overall, ECV in coarcted dogs of each group was higher on the average but was not statistically different from controls. Results indicate that the hyperresponsive PRA in this canine model is: 1) a variable feature, developing secondarily in the late established phase; 2) reproducible for a given animal; and 3) not attributed to exaggerated ECV deficits during the LS/Lasix protocol.

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