Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement

S. Dogan, P. A. Manley, R. Vanderby, Sean Kohles, L. M. Hartman, A. A. McBeath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intersegmental forces and moments (i.e. resultant free body forces and moments computed at the joint centers) were studied in canine hindlimbs before and after cemented total hip replacement (THR). Five large, adult, mixed-breed dogs were selected. Their gait was recorded (while leash-walked) before surgery using high-speed cinematography and a force plate. Cemented total hip replacement was unilaterally performed on each dog. Gait was again recorded at one and four months after surgery. Segmental properties (mass, center of mass, and mass moment of inertia) of the hindlimbs were experimentally determined, and an inverse dynamics approach was used to compute intersegmental forces and moments in the sagittal plane. Significant reductions in intersegmental joint forces and moments were observed in the operated hindlimb one month after surgery, although kinematic gait parameters were unaltered. Decreases of 77.0% for vertical forces, 61.9% for craniocaudal forces, and 66.2% for extension moments were determined. Four months after surgery, the joint forces and moments had returned to their preoperative values. This experiment demonstrates that the dynamics of normal walking can be restored in a canine model by four months after THR. It also shows that kinetic (rather than kinematic) parameters are more descriptive of antalgic gait in the canine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-407
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hip Replacement Arthroplasties
Hip Joint
Gait
Surgery
Canidae
Hindlimb
Biomechanical Phenomena
Kinematics
Cineradiography
Dogs
Walking
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Dogan, S., Manley, P. A., Vanderby, R., Kohles, S., Hartman, L. M., & McBeath, A. A. (1991). Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement. Journal of Biomechanics, 24(6), 397-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(91)90028-L

Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement. / Dogan, S.; Manley, P. A.; Vanderby, R.; Kohles, Sean; Hartman, L. M.; McBeath, A. A.

In: Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1991, p. 397-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dogan, S, Manley, PA, Vanderby, R, Kohles, S, Hartman, LM & McBeath, AA 1991, 'Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement', Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 397-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(91)90028-L
Dogan, S. ; Manley, P. A. ; Vanderby, R. ; Kohles, Sean ; Hartman, L. M. ; McBeath, A. A. / Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement. In: Journal of Biomechanics. 1991 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 397-407.
@article{b053f25b5eae4e2e9a0ea0a00bd9d068,
title = "Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement",
abstract = "Intersegmental forces and moments (i.e. resultant free body forces and moments computed at the joint centers) were studied in canine hindlimbs before and after cemented total hip replacement (THR). Five large, adult, mixed-breed dogs were selected. Their gait was recorded (while leash-walked) before surgery using high-speed cinematography and a force plate. Cemented total hip replacement was unilaterally performed on each dog. Gait was again recorded at one and four months after surgery. Segmental properties (mass, center of mass, and mass moment of inertia) of the hindlimbs were experimentally determined, and an inverse dynamics approach was used to compute intersegmental forces and moments in the sagittal plane. Significant reductions in intersegmental joint forces and moments were observed in the operated hindlimb one month after surgery, although kinematic gait parameters were unaltered. Decreases of 77.0{\%} for vertical forces, 61.9{\%} for craniocaudal forces, and 66.2{\%} for extension moments were determined. Four months after surgery, the joint forces and moments had returned to their preoperative values. This experiment demonstrates that the dynamics of normal walking can be restored in a canine model by four months after THR. It also shows that kinetic (rather than kinematic) parameters are more descriptive of antalgic gait in the canine.",
author = "S. Dogan and Manley, {P. A.} and R. Vanderby and Sean Kohles and Hartman, {L. M.} and McBeath, {A. A.}",
year = "1991",
doi = "10.1016/0021-9290(91)90028-L",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "397--407",
journal = "Journal of Biomechanics",
issn = "0021-9290",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement

AU - Dogan, S.

AU - Manley, P. A.

AU - Vanderby, R.

AU - Kohles, Sean

AU - Hartman, L. M.

AU - McBeath, A. A.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - Intersegmental forces and moments (i.e. resultant free body forces and moments computed at the joint centers) were studied in canine hindlimbs before and after cemented total hip replacement (THR). Five large, adult, mixed-breed dogs were selected. Their gait was recorded (while leash-walked) before surgery using high-speed cinematography and a force plate. Cemented total hip replacement was unilaterally performed on each dog. Gait was again recorded at one and four months after surgery. Segmental properties (mass, center of mass, and mass moment of inertia) of the hindlimbs were experimentally determined, and an inverse dynamics approach was used to compute intersegmental forces and moments in the sagittal plane. Significant reductions in intersegmental joint forces and moments were observed in the operated hindlimb one month after surgery, although kinematic gait parameters were unaltered. Decreases of 77.0% for vertical forces, 61.9% for craniocaudal forces, and 66.2% for extension moments were determined. Four months after surgery, the joint forces and moments had returned to their preoperative values. This experiment demonstrates that the dynamics of normal walking can be restored in a canine model by four months after THR. It also shows that kinetic (rather than kinematic) parameters are more descriptive of antalgic gait in the canine.

AB - Intersegmental forces and moments (i.e. resultant free body forces and moments computed at the joint centers) were studied in canine hindlimbs before and after cemented total hip replacement (THR). Five large, adult, mixed-breed dogs were selected. Their gait was recorded (while leash-walked) before surgery using high-speed cinematography and a force plate. Cemented total hip replacement was unilaterally performed on each dog. Gait was again recorded at one and four months after surgery. Segmental properties (mass, center of mass, and mass moment of inertia) of the hindlimbs were experimentally determined, and an inverse dynamics approach was used to compute intersegmental forces and moments in the sagittal plane. Significant reductions in intersegmental joint forces and moments were observed in the operated hindlimb one month after surgery, although kinematic gait parameters were unaltered. Decreases of 77.0% for vertical forces, 61.9% for craniocaudal forces, and 66.2% for extension moments were determined. Four months after surgery, the joint forces and moments had returned to their preoperative values. This experiment demonstrates that the dynamics of normal walking can be restored in a canine model by four months after THR. It also shows that kinetic (rather than kinematic) parameters are more descriptive of antalgic gait in the canine.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025804715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025804715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90028-L

DO - 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90028-L

M3 - Article

C2 - 1856240

AN - SCOPUS:0025804715

VL - 24

SP - 397

EP - 407

JO - Journal of Biomechanics

JF - Journal of Biomechanics

SN - 0021-9290

IS - 6

ER -