Objective: The objective was to explore whether 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can identify low-risk ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Methods: Dynamic contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI features of 36 DCIS lesions [8 low risk, Van Nuys Pathologic Classification (VNPC) 1; 28 high risk, VNPC 2/3] were reviewed. An MRI model that best identified low-risk DCIS was determined using multivariate logistic regression. Results: Low-risk DCIS exhibited different DWI properties [i.e., higher contrast-to-noise ratio (P=.02) and lower normalized apparent diffusion coefficients (P=.04)] than high-risk DCIS. A model combining these DWI features provided best performance (area under receiver operating characteristic curve =0.86). Conclusions: DWI may help identify DCIS lesions requiring less therapy.
- Diffusion-weighted imaging
- Ductal carcinoma in situ
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging