Objectives. The aim of the present study was to quantitate aortic regurgitant volume and regurgitant fraction in a chronic animal model with surgically created aortic regurgitation using a new semiautomated color Doppler flow calculation method. Background. The conventional noninvasive methods for evaluating the severity of aortic regurgitation have not been accepted widely nor compared with truly quantitative reference standards. Methods. Eight to 20 weeks after aortic regurgitation was surgically induced in six sheep, a total of 22 hemodynamic states were studied. Electromagnetic flow probes and meters provided reference flow data. Epicardial color Doppler echocardiographic studies were performed to image left ventricular outflow tract forward and aortic regurgitant blood flows. The new method digitally integrated spatial and temporal color flow velocity data for left ventricular outflow tract forward flow and ascending aortic regurgitant flow. The pulsed Doppler method using the velocity-time integral was also used to obtain regurgitant volumes and regurgitant fractions. Results. Regurgitant volumes and regurgitant fractions by the new method agreed well with those obtained electromagnetically, whereas the pulsed Doppler method overestimated these reference data (mean [± SD] difference 0.23 ±2.9 ml vs. 11 ± 5.8 ml, p < 0.0001 for regurgitant volume; mean difference 1.2 ± 7.6% vs. 19 ± 13%, p < 0.0001 for regurgitant fraction). Conclusions. This animal study, using strictly quantified aortic regurgitant volumes, demonstrated that the digital color Doppler method provides accurate aortic regurgitant volumes and regurgitant fractions without cumbersome measurements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine