Calcium channels in Xenopus spinal neurons differ in somas and presynaptic terminals

W. Li, C. Thaler, Paul Brehm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calcium channels play dual roles in cell signaling by promoting membrane depolarization and allowing entry of calcium ions. Patch-clamp recordings of calcium and calcium-dependent currents from the soma of Xenopus spinal neurons indicate key functional differences from those of presynaptic terminals. Both terminals and somas exhibit prominent high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium current, but only the soma expresses additional low-voltage-activated (LVA) T-type current. Further differences are reflected in the HVA current; N- and R-type channels are predominant in the soma while the terminal calcium current is composed principally of N type with smaller contribution by L- and R-type channels. Potential physiological significance for these different distributions of channel types may lie in the differential channel kinetics. Activation of somatic HVA calcium current occurs more slowly than HVA currents in terminals. Additionally, somatic LVA calcium current activates and deactivates much more slowly than any HVA calcium current. Fast-activating and -deactivating calcium current may be critical to processing the rapid exocytotic response in terminals, whereas slow LVA and HVA calcium currents may play a central role in shaping the somatic firing pattern. In support of different kinetic behavior between these two compartments, we find that somatic calcium current activates a prominent slow chloride current not observed in terminal recordings. This current activates in response to calcium entering through either LVA or HVA channels and likely functions as a modulator of excitability or synaptic input. The restriction of this channel type to the soma lends further support to the idea that differential expression of fast and slow channel types in these neurons is dictated by differences in signaling requirements for somatic and terminal compartments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-279
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume86
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Presynaptic Terminals
Carisoprodol
Calcium Channels
Xenopus
Calcium
Neurons
Chlorides
Ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Calcium channels in Xenopus spinal neurons differ in somas and presynaptic terminals. / Li, W.; Thaler, C.; Brehm, Paul.

In: Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 86, No. 1, 2001, p. 269-279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c10dc09441c3460291d064b6ab9d9acf,
title = "Calcium channels in Xenopus spinal neurons differ in somas and presynaptic terminals",
abstract = "Calcium channels play dual roles in cell signaling by promoting membrane depolarization and allowing entry of calcium ions. Patch-clamp recordings of calcium and calcium-dependent currents from the soma of Xenopus spinal neurons indicate key functional differences from those of presynaptic terminals. Both terminals and somas exhibit prominent high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium current, but only the soma expresses additional low-voltage-activated (LVA) T-type current. Further differences are reflected in the HVA current; N- and R-type channels are predominant in the soma while the terminal calcium current is composed principally of N type with smaller contribution by L- and R-type channels. Potential physiological significance for these different distributions of channel types may lie in the differential channel kinetics. Activation of somatic HVA calcium current occurs more slowly than HVA currents in terminals. Additionally, somatic LVA calcium current activates and deactivates much more slowly than any HVA calcium current. Fast-activating and -deactivating calcium current may be critical to processing the rapid exocytotic response in terminals, whereas slow LVA and HVA calcium currents may play a central role in shaping the somatic firing pattern. In support of different kinetic behavior between these two compartments, we find that somatic calcium current activates a prominent slow chloride current not observed in terminal recordings. This current activates in response to calcium entering through either LVA or HVA channels and likely functions as a modulator of excitability or synaptic input. The restriction of this channel type to the soma lends further support to the idea that differential expression of fast and slow channel types in these neurons is dictated by differences in signaling requirements for somatic and terminal compartments.",
author = "W. Li and C. Thaler and Paul Brehm",
year = "2001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "86",
pages = "269--279",
journal = "Journal of Neurophysiology",
issn = "0022-3077",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Calcium channels in Xenopus spinal neurons differ in somas and presynaptic terminals

AU - Li, W.

AU - Thaler, C.

AU - Brehm, Paul

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Calcium channels play dual roles in cell signaling by promoting membrane depolarization and allowing entry of calcium ions. Patch-clamp recordings of calcium and calcium-dependent currents from the soma of Xenopus spinal neurons indicate key functional differences from those of presynaptic terminals. Both terminals and somas exhibit prominent high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium current, but only the soma expresses additional low-voltage-activated (LVA) T-type current. Further differences are reflected in the HVA current; N- and R-type channels are predominant in the soma while the terminal calcium current is composed principally of N type with smaller contribution by L- and R-type channels. Potential physiological significance for these different distributions of channel types may lie in the differential channel kinetics. Activation of somatic HVA calcium current occurs more slowly than HVA currents in terminals. Additionally, somatic LVA calcium current activates and deactivates much more slowly than any HVA calcium current. Fast-activating and -deactivating calcium current may be critical to processing the rapid exocytotic response in terminals, whereas slow LVA and HVA calcium currents may play a central role in shaping the somatic firing pattern. In support of different kinetic behavior between these two compartments, we find that somatic calcium current activates a prominent slow chloride current not observed in terminal recordings. This current activates in response to calcium entering through either LVA or HVA channels and likely functions as a modulator of excitability or synaptic input. The restriction of this channel type to the soma lends further support to the idea that differential expression of fast and slow channel types in these neurons is dictated by differences in signaling requirements for somatic and terminal compartments.

AB - Calcium channels play dual roles in cell signaling by promoting membrane depolarization and allowing entry of calcium ions. Patch-clamp recordings of calcium and calcium-dependent currents from the soma of Xenopus spinal neurons indicate key functional differences from those of presynaptic terminals. Both terminals and somas exhibit prominent high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium current, but only the soma expresses additional low-voltage-activated (LVA) T-type current. Further differences are reflected in the HVA current; N- and R-type channels are predominant in the soma while the terminal calcium current is composed principally of N type with smaller contribution by L- and R-type channels. Potential physiological significance for these different distributions of channel types may lie in the differential channel kinetics. Activation of somatic HVA calcium current occurs more slowly than HVA currents in terminals. Additionally, somatic LVA calcium current activates and deactivates much more slowly than any HVA calcium current. Fast-activating and -deactivating calcium current may be critical to processing the rapid exocytotic response in terminals, whereas slow LVA and HVA calcium currents may play a central role in shaping the somatic firing pattern. In support of different kinetic behavior between these two compartments, we find that somatic calcium current activates a prominent slow chloride current not observed in terminal recordings. This current activates in response to calcium entering through either LVA or HVA channels and likely functions as a modulator of excitability or synaptic input. The restriction of this channel type to the soma lends further support to the idea that differential expression of fast and slow channel types in these neurons is dictated by differences in signaling requirements for somatic and terminal compartments.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034935345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034935345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 86

SP - 269

EP - 279

JO - Journal of Neurophysiology

JF - Journal of Neurophysiology

SN - 0022-3077

IS - 1

ER -