Bridging animal and human models: Translating from (and to) animal genetics

Amanda M. Barkley-Levenson, John C. Crabbe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetics play an important role in the development and course of alcohol abuse, and understanding genetic contributions to this disorder may lead to improved preventative and therapeutic strategies in the future. Studies both in humans and in animal models are necessary to fully understand the neurobiology of alcoholism from the molecular to the cognitive level. By dissecting the complex facets of alcoholism into discrete, well-defined phenotypes that are measurable in both human populations and animal models of the disease, researchers will be better able to translate findings across species and integrate the knowledge obtained from various disciplines. Some of the key areas of alcoholism research where consilience between human and animal studies is possible are alcohol withdrawal severity, sensitivity to rewards, impulsivity, and dysregulated alcohol consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-335
Number of pages11
JournalAlcohol Research and Health
Volume34
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol dependence
  • Alcohol research
  • Alcohol sensitivity
  • Alcohol use disorders (AUDs)
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • Alcoholism
  • Animal models
  • Consilience
  • Dysregulated alcohol consumption
  • Genetic basis of alcoholism
  • Genetic factors
  • Genetics
  • Human studies
  • Impulsivity
  • Phenotypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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