Brain-mapping techniques for evaluating poststroke recovery and rehabilitation: A review

James C. Eliassen, Erin Boespflug, Martine Lamy, Jane Allendorfer, Wen Jang Chu, Jerzy P. Szaflarski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain-mapping techniques have proven to be vital in understanding the molecular, cellular, and functional mechanisms of recovery after stroke. This article briefly summarizes the current molecular and functional concepts of stroke recovery and addresses how various neuroimaging techniques can be used to observe these changes. The authors provide an overview of various techniques including diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), ligand-based positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and regional metabolic rate of glucose (rCMRglc) PET and SPECT, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), electroencephalography (EEC), magnetoencephalography (MEC), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Discussion in the context of poststroke recovery research informs about the applications and limitations of the techniques in the area of rehabilitation research. The authors also provide suggestions on using these techniques in tandem to more thoroughly address the outstanding questions in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-450
Number of pages24
JournalTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Brain Mapping
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Positron-Emission Tomography
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Rehabilitation
Stroke
Magnetoencephalography
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Regional Blood Flow
Neuroimaging
Electroencephalography
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Ligands
Glucose
Research
Rehabilitation Research

Keywords

  • DTI
  • EEG
  • fMRI
  • MEG
  • NIRS
  • PET
  • Poststroke recovery
  • Rehabilitation
  • SPECT
  • Stroke
  • TMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care

Cite this

Brain-mapping techniques for evaluating poststroke recovery and rehabilitation : A review. / Eliassen, James C.; Boespflug, Erin; Lamy, Martine; Allendorfer, Jane; Chu, Wen Jang; Szaflarski, Jerzy P.

In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, Vol. 15, No. 5, 01.09.2008, p. 427-450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eliassen, James C. ; Boespflug, Erin ; Lamy, Martine ; Allendorfer, Jane ; Chu, Wen Jang ; Szaflarski, Jerzy P. / Brain-mapping techniques for evaluating poststroke recovery and rehabilitation : A review. In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation. 2008 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 427-450.
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