Bradycardia-mediated tachyarrhythmias in congenital heart disease and responses to chronic pacing at physiologic rates

Michael J. Silka, James R. Manwill, Jack Kron, John H. McAnulty

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Abstract

The coexistence of bradycardia and a tachyarrhythmia may preclude effective pharmacologic treatment of 1 arrhythmia without paradoxic aggravation of the other. This study evaluated the potential relation between the 2 types of arrhythmias and the effect of conventional modes and rates of pacing for bradycardia on the frequency of the associated tachyarrhythmias. Twenty-one young patients, aged 2 to 19 (mean 11) years with congenital heart disease and a tachyarrhythmia occurring in the setting of chronic bradycardia were studied. The effects of pacing were evaluated by comparison of the number of episodes of clinical tachycardia during the 12-month intervals before and after pacemaker implantation. During these intervals, antiarrhythmic drug therapy was not altered. Patients were analyzed as independent groups, based on the type of tachyarrhythmia: supraventricular (n = 5), atrial flutter (n = 9) and ventricular (n = 7). The modes of chronic pacing were AAI (n = 4), DDD (n = 6) and VVI (n = 11). The prevention of bradycardia by pacing was associated with a significant decrease in the frequency of supraventricular (p = 0.008) and ventricular (p = 0.02) tachyarrhythmias. However, the frequency of atrial flutter was not altered. Prevention of tachycardia was more frequently associated with the AAI and DDD modes of pacing compared to VVI (p = 0.08). Pacing represents an effective therapy for certain tachyarrhythmias associated with chronic bradycardia, although critical modes may be required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)488-493
Number of pages6
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume65
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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