Body motion during repetitive isodynamic lifting

A comparative study of normal subjects and low-back pain patients

Thomas E. Rudy, J. Robert Boston, Susan J. Lieber, John A. Kubinski, Brett R. Stacey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To quantify performance differences between patients with low-back pain (LBP) and a control group during their performance of a repetitive isodynamic lifting task. Case-control study was done. LBP patients were recruited and tested at an outpatient ambulatory chronic pain rehabilitation program before treatment was begun. Fifty-three LBP patients who had prolonged back pain and 53 age and gender matched pain-free control subjects. Overall lifting performance measures included weight lifting and number of lifts completed; kinematic measures of hip and knee movements during lifting were described by hyperbolic tangent models, and included static measures of starting and ending angles, and dynamic measures of midpoint, falltime, and lift speed. Control subjects completed significantly more lifts and lifted more weight than patients. Starting hip flexion was greater for controls and starting knee flexion was greater for patients, indicating that patients used more of a leg lift. Patients and controls also differed significantly on dynamic measures, particularly lifting speed and hip and knee temporal midpoints. Major static and dynamic motion differences were found between LBP patients and controls as they performed repetitive lifting under a constant load. These findings indicate that body motion parameters, in addition to more common strength and endurance measures, are necessary to describe the impact of persistent LBP on a person's lifting abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalPain
Volume105
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Fingerprint

Low Back Pain
Hip
Knee
Weight Lifting
Aptitude
Back Pain
Biomechanical Phenomena
Chronic Pain
Case-Control Studies
Leg
Outpatients
Rehabilitation
Weights and Measures
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Body mechanics
  • Chronic low back pain
  • Dynamic lifting
  • Motion analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Body motion during repetitive isodynamic lifting : A comparative study of normal subjects and low-back pain patients. / Rudy, Thomas E.; Boston, J. Robert; Lieber, Susan J.; Kubinski, John A.; Stacey, Brett R.

In: Pain, Vol. 105, No. 1-2, 09.2003, p. 319-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rudy, Thomas E. ; Boston, J. Robert ; Lieber, Susan J. ; Kubinski, John A. ; Stacey, Brett R. / Body motion during repetitive isodynamic lifting : A comparative study of normal subjects and low-back pain patients. In: Pain. 2003 ; Vol. 105, No. 1-2. pp. 319-326.
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