Biodistribution of Yttrium-90-Labeled Anti-CD45 Antibody in a Nonhuman Primate Model

Eneida R. Nemecek, Donald K. Hamlin, Darrell R. Fisher, Kenneth A. Krohn, John M. Pagel, Frederick R. Appelbaum, Oliver W. Press, Dana C. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Radioimmunotherapy may improve the outcome of hematopoietic cell transplantation for hematologic malignancies by delivering targeted radiation to hematopoietic organs while relatively sparing nontarget organs. We evaluated the organ localization of yttrium-90-labeled anti-CD45 (90Y-anti-CD45) antibody in macaques, a model that had previously predicted iodine-131-labeled anti-CD45 (131Ianti-CD45) antibody biodistribution in humans. Experimental Design: Twelve Macaca nemestrina primates received anti-CD45 antibody labeled with 1 to 2 mCi of 90Y followed by serial blood sampling and marrow and lymph node biopsies, and necropsy. The content of 90Y per gram of tissue was determined by liquid scintillation spectrometry. Time-activity curves were constructed using average isotope concentrations in each tissue at measured time points to yield the fractional residence time and estimate radiation absorbed doses for each organ per unit of administered activity. The biodistribution of 90Y-anti-CD45 antibody was then compared with that previously obtained with 131I-anti-CD45 antibody in macaques. Results: The spleen received 2,120, marrow 1,060, and lymph nodes 315 cGy/mCi of 90Y injected. The liver and lungs were the nontarget organs receiving the highest radiation absorbed doses (440 and 285 cGy/mCi, respectively). Ytrrium-90-labeled anti-CD45 antibody delivered 2.5- and 3.7-fold more radiation to marrow than to liver and lungs, respectively. The ratios previously observed with 131I-anti-CD45 antibody were 2.5-and 2.2-fold more radiation to marrow than to liver and lungs, respectively. Conclusions: This study shows that 90Y-anti-CD45 antibody can deliver relatively selective radiation to hematopoietic hematopoietic tissues, with similar ratios of radiation delivered to target versus nontarget organs, as compared with the 131I immunoconjugate in the same animal model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)787-794
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Nemecek, E. R., Hamlin, D. K., Fisher, D. R., Krohn, K. A., Pagel, J. M., Appelbaum, F. R., Press, O. W., & Matthews, D. C. (2005). Biodistribution of Yttrium-90-Labeled Anti-CD45 Antibody in a Nonhuman Primate Model. Clinical Cancer Research, 11(2), 787-794.