Binding properties and distribution of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-related protein 3 (IGFBP-rP3/NovH), an additional member of the IGFBP superfamily

Christine P. Burren, Elisabeth M. Wilson, H. W.A. Vivian, O. H. Youngman, Ron G. Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The protein product of the novH oncogene, a member of the CCN family, is structurally related to the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (IGFBPs). We have characterized aspects of structure, function, and distribution of this protein, which, as IGFBP-related protein 3 (IGFBP-rP3), is a proposed member of the IGFBP Superfamily. Affinity cross-linking experiments performed with baculovirus synthesized recombinant human IGFBP- rP3 established that rhIGFBP-rP3 binds IGF-I, IGF-II, and insulin with low affinity. Specificity of binding was shown by competitive cross-linking experiments; binding to IGF-I and -II was also demonstrated by nondenaturing Western ligand blots. Northern blot analysis indicated the presence of IGFBP- rP3 messenger RNA (mRNA) in a broad range of human tissues. Western immunoblotting studies, using a polyclonal rabbit anti-rhIGFBP-rP3 antibody, demonstrated that IGFBP-rP3 protein is synthesized in vitro by several breast and prostate cancer cell lines: Hs578T, PC3, P69, and LNCaP cells. Western immunoblotting studies of human biological fluids identified that IGFBP-rP3 was present in normal serum, pregnancy serum, serum from patients with growth hormone receptor deficiency, cerebrospinal fluid, amniotic fluid, peritoneal fluid, and follicular fluid, while IGFBP-rP3 fragments were identified in cerebrospinal fluid, amniotic fluid, and prepubertal and pubertal urine samples. Our studies demonstrate that IGFBP-rP3 exhibits IGF binding, albeit at low affinity, and IGFBP-rP3 thus merits inclusion in the IGFBP Superfamily. The low affinity IGF binding suggests that IGFBP-rP3 may act primarily independently of the IGFs. The synthesis of IGFBP-rP3 by several malignant cell lines and its presence in human biological fluids suggest that this protein possesses other interesting roles, potentially in cell growth regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1096-1103
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume84
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 30 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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