High affinity interleukin 2 (IL-2) binding sites are composed of two IL-2 binding molecules: one of 55 kDa, commonly called TaC, and another of 75 kDa. In the absence of the other IL-2-binding molecule, the 55-kDa molecule binds IL-2 with a relatively low affinity and the 75 kDa molecule binds IL-2 with an intermediate affinity. One of the earliest events following interaction of IL-2 with its receptor on the surface of cells is an increase in intracellular pH due to activation of the Na+/H+ antiport. In contrast to IL-2 induced proliferation of human IL-2-sensitive T cells, interaction of IL-2 with a low affinity binding site was sufficient to activate the Na+/H+ antiport. By determining the effect of IL-2 on cytosolic pH in cells that express one of the two IL-2-binding molecules in the absence of the other IL-2-binding molecule, we have demonstrated that interaction of IL-2 with the 75 kDa IL-2 binding molecule is sufficient to activate the Na+/H+ antiport and thus induce cytosolic alkalinization. This indicates that the 75-kDa IL-2-binding molecule, in the absence of the 55-kDa IL-2-binding molecule, forms a functional receptor that can transduce an activation signal across the cell membrane.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy