Big five dimensions and ADHD symptoms: Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms

Joel Nigg, Lisa G. Blaskey, Cynthia L. Huang-Pollock, Stephen P. Hinshaw, Oliver P. John, Erik G. Willcutt, Bruce Pennington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood is conceptualized as originating in childhood. Despite considerable theoretical interest, little is known about how ADHD symptoms relate to normal personality traits in adults. In 6 studies, the Big Five personality dimensions were related to ADHD symptoms that adults both recalled from childhood and reported concurrently (total N = 1,620). Substantial effects emerged that were replicated across samples. First, the ADHD symptom cluster of inattention-disorganization was substantially related to low Conscientiousness and, to a lesser extent, Neuroticism. Second, ADHD symptom clusters of hyperactivity-impulsivity and oppositional childhood and adult behaviors were associated with low Agreeableness. Results were replicated with self-reports and observer reports of personality in community and clinical samples. Findings support theoretical connections between personality traits and ADHD symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-469
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
personality traits
Personality
childhood
personality
neuroticism
Impulsive Behavior
Self Report
adulthood
community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Nigg, J., Blaskey, L. G., Huang-Pollock, C. L., Hinshaw, S. P., John, O. P., Willcutt, E. G., & Pennington, B. (2002). Big five dimensions and ADHD symptoms: Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(2), 451-469. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.83.2.451

Big five dimensions and ADHD symptoms : Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms. / Nigg, Joel; Blaskey, Lisa G.; Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; John, Oliver P.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Pennington, Bruce.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 83, No. 2, 2002, p. 451-469.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nigg, J, Blaskey, LG, Huang-Pollock, CL, Hinshaw, SP, John, OP, Willcutt, EG & Pennington, B 2002, 'Big five dimensions and ADHD symptoms: Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 451-469. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.83.2.451
Nigg, Joel ; Blaskey, Lisa G. ; Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L. ; Hinshaw, Stephen P. ; John, Oliver P. ; Willcutt, Erik G. ; Pennington, Bruce. / Big five dimensions and ADHD symptoms : Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2002 ; Vol. 83, No. 2. pp. 451-469.
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