Bibliometric evaluation of pediatric neurosurgery in North America

Paul Klimo, Garrett T. Venable, Nickalus R. Khan, Douglas R. Taylor, Brandon A. Shepherd, Clinton J. Thompson, Nathan R. Selden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object. The application of bibliometric techniques to academic neurosurgery has been the focus of several recent publications. The authors provide here a detailed analysis of all active pediatric neurosurgeons in North America and their respective departments. Methods. Using Scopus and Google Scholar, a bibliometric profile for every known active pediatric neurosurgeon in North America was created using the following citation metrics: h-, contemporary h-, g-, and e-indices and the m-quotient. Various subgroups were compared. Departmental productivity from 2008 through 2013 was measured, and departments were ranked on the basis of cumulative h-and e-indices and the total number of publications and citations. Lorenz curves were created, and Gini coefficients were calculated for all departments with 4 or more members. Results. Three hundred twelve pediatric neurosurgeons (260 male, 52 female) were included for analysis. For the entire group, the median h-index, m-quotient, contemporary h-, g-, and e-indices, and the corrected g-and e-indices were 10, 0.59, 7, 18, 17, 1.14, and 1.01, respectively; the range for each index varied widely. Academic pediatric neurosurgeons associated with fellowship programs (compared with unassociated neurosurgeons), academic practitioners (compared with private practitioners), and men (compared with women) had superior measurements. There was no significant difference between American and Canadian pediatric neurosurgeons. The mean Gini coefficient for publications was 0.45 (range 0.18-0.70) and for citations was 0.53 (range 0.25-0.80). Conclusions. This study represents the most exhaustive evaluation of academic productivity for pediatric neurosurgeons in North America to date. These results should serve as benchmarks for future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-703
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2014

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Keywords

  • Bibliometrics
  • Citation analysis
  • Department
  • Gini coefficient
  • Lorenz curve
  • North America
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Rank

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Klimo, P., Venable, G. T., Khan, N. R., Taylor, D. R., Shepherd, B. A., Thompson, C. J., & Selden, N. R. (2014). Bibliometric evaluation of pediatric neurosurgery in North America. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 14(6), 695-703. https://doi.org/10.3171/2014.8.PEDS1488