Bedside methods for transpyloric feeding tube insertion in hospitalized children: A systematic review of randomized and non-randomized trials

Heather Hawk, Hector Valdivia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Problem: Enteral nutrition is a critical component of therapy for many hospitalized children. Some children, especially those with critical illness, require post-pyloric enteral nutrition, but placement of post-pyloric feeding tubes poses challenges, necessitating costly fluoroscopy procedures and delaying initiation of enteral nutrition. There is no established standard method for pediatric transpyloric tube placement at the bedside. Eligibility criteria: We searched for trials that assessed the efficacy of methods for transpyloric tube placement at the bedside. Studies that evaluated gastric insufflation, prokinetic agents, pH guided devices, and electromagnetic devices with an objective of bedside transpyloric tube placement in children ages one month to 18 years were included. Results: After each author independently reviewed the search results, we agreed on fourteen articles for inclusion, consisting of six randomized controlled trials, five quasi-experimental studies, and three cohort studies. Intervention protocols varied, both within and between studies, with most trials incorporating more than one variable in the intervention. Conclusions: The heterogeneity of the research does not provide clear direction about best practices. All interventions demonstrated some efficacy, with the exception of erythromycin. Gastric insufflation, the most prevalent intervention studied, is safe and at least moderately effective. The research demonstrates the positive impact of a small, trained team of personnel for the insertion of a transpyloric tube. Implications: High quality studies with clear protocols evaluating a single variable are needed in order to establish a bedside transpyloric tube placement protocol. We recommend studies on the efficacy of a dedicated team for this procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-246
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of pediatric nursing
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bedside feeding tube placement
  • Nasoduodenal feeding tube
  • Pediatric transpyloric tube insertion
  • Transpyloric feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics

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