Baseline tumor Lipiodol uptake after transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: Identification of a threshold value predicting tumor recurrence

Yusuke Matsui, Masahiro Horikawa, Younes Jahangiri Noudeh, John Kaufman, Kenneth Kolbeck, Khashayar Farsad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between baseline Lipiodol uptake in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with early tumor recurrence, and to identify a threshold baseline uptake value predicting tumor response. A single-institution retrospective database of HCC treated with Lipiodol-TACE was reviewed. Forty-six tumors in 30 patients treated with a Lipiodol-chemotherapy emulsion and no additional particle embolization were included. Baseline Lipiodol uptake was measured as the mean Hounsfield units (HU) on a CT within one week after TACE. Washout rate was calculated dividing the difference in HU between the baseline CT and follow-up CT by time (HU/month). Cox proportional hazard models were used to correlate baseline Lipiodol uptake and other variables with tumor response. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the optimal threshold for baseline Lipiodol uptake predicting tumor response. During the follow-up period (mean 5.6 months), 19 (41.3%) tumors recurred (mean time to recurrence = 3.6 months). In a multivariate model, low baseline Lipiodol uptake and higher washout rate were significant predictors of early tumor recurrence (P = 0.001 and < 0.0001, respectively). On ROC analysis, a threshold Lipiodol uptake of 270.2 HU was significantly associated with tumor response (95% sensitivity, 93% specificity). Baseline Lipiodol uptake and washout rate on follow-up were independent predictors of early tumor recurrence. A threshold value of baseline Lipiodol uptake > 270.2 HU was highly sensitive and specific for tumor response. These findings may prove useful for determining subsequent treatment strategies after Lipiodol TACE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-400
Number of pages8
JournalRadiology and Oncology
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Lipiodol
  • threshold
  • transarterial chemoembolization
  • tumor response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Baseline tumor Lipiodol uptake after transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: Identification of a threshold value predicting tumor recurrence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this