Baclofen alters ethanol-stimulated activity but not conditioned place preference or taste aversion in mice

Julia A. Chester, Christopher L. Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present experiments examined the effects of the GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, on the acquisition of ethanol-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) and conditioned taste aversion (CTA) in male DBA/2J mice. Mice in the CPP experiment received four pairings of ethanol (2 g/kg) with a distinctive floor stimulus for a 5-min conditioning session (CS+ sessions). On intervening days (CS- sessions), mice received saline injections paired with a different floor type. On CS+ days, mice also received one of four doses of baclofen (0.0, 2.5, 5.0, or 7.5 mg/kg) 15 min before an injection of ethanol. For the preference test, all mice received saline injections, and were placed on a half-grid and half-hole floor for a 60-min session. Baclofen dose dependently reduced ethanol-stimulated activity, but did not alter the magnitude of ethanol-induced CPP at any dose. For the CTA experiment, mice were adapted to a 2-h per day water restriction regimen followed by five conditioning trials every 48 h. During conditioning trials, subjects received an injection of saline or baclofen (2.0 and 6.0 mg/kg) 15 min before injection of 2 g/kg ethanol or saline following 1-h access to a saccharin solution. Baclofen did not alter the magnitude of ethanol-induced CTA at any dose. In addition, baclofen alone did not produce a CTA. Overall, these studies show that activation of GABA(B) receptors with baclofen reduces ethanol-induced locomotor activation, but does not alter ethanol's rewarding or aversive effects in the CPP and CTA paradigms in DBA/2J mice. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Aversion
  • DBA/2J
  • GABA
  • Locomotor activity
  • Place conditioning
  • Reward
  • Taste conditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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