Backbone dynamics of DNA containing 8-oxoguanine: Importance for substrate recognition by base excision repair glycosylases

M. L. Dodson, R. Stephen Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Except for the functional groups sited within the major or minor grooves, the bases of B-DNA are quite protected from the external environment. Enzymes that modify the bases often "flip out" the target into an extrahelical position before the chemistry step is carried out. Examples of this mechanism are the base excision repair glycosylases and the restriction enzyme methylases. The question arises about the mechanism of substrate recognition for these enzymes and how closely it is linked to the base flipping step. Molecular dynamics simulations (AMBER, PME electrostatics) of fully solvated, cation neutralized, DNA sequences containing 8-oxoguanine (8OG) and of appropriate normal (control) DNAs have been carried out. The dynamics trajectories were analyzed to identify those properties of the DNA structure in the vicinity of the altered base, or its dynamics, that could contribute to molecular discrimination between substrate and non-substrate DNA sites. The results predict that the FPG enzyme should flip out the cytosine base paired with the scissile 8OG, not the target base itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-108
Number of pages16
JournalMutation Research - DNA Repair
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Dec 19 2001



  • Glycosylase
  • Nucleotide flipping
  • Oxidative DNA damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Genetics

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