Autonomic Nervous System: Central Cardiovascular Control

M. C. Andresen, D. Mendelowitz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Rapid adjustments in the circulatory system rely on neurons within the brain stem, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system that constitute the autonomic reflex pathways required to cope with acute changes in physical and metabolic demands. Perhaps the most important among these neural reflexes is the parasympathetic arterial baroreceptor reflex that normally dominates heart rate control on a beat-to-beat basis. At its simplest core, the baroreflex includes only two central neurons, and yet the integrity of this compact reflex loop is one of the best clinical indicators of the risk of sudden cardiac death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages863-869
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Arterial pressure
  • Brain stem
  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • Medulla
  • Nodose ganglion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Andresen, M. C., & Mendelowitz, D. (2009). Autonomic Nervous System: Central Cardiovascular Control. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 863-869). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00648-3