Detecting and quantifying the size of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is important for the diagnosis and assessment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Depth-resolved imaging of the retinal and choroidal vasculature by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has enabled the visualization of CNV. However, due to the prevalence of artifacts, it is difficult to segment and quantify the CNV lesion area automatically. We have previously described a saliency algorithm for CNV detection that could identify a CNV lesion area with 83% accuracy. However, this method works under the assumption that the CNV region is the most salient area for visual attention in the whole image and consequently, errors occur when this requirement is not met (e.g. when the lesion occupies a large portion of the image). Moreover, saliency image processing methods cannot extract the edges of the salient object very accurately. In this paper, we propose a novel and automatic CNV segmentation method based on an unsupervised and parallel machine learning technique named density cell-like P systems (DEC P systems). DEC P systems integrate the idea of a modified clustering algorithm into cell-like P systems. This method improved the accuracy of detection to 87.2% on 22 subjects and obtained clear boundaries of the CNV lesions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics