Auditory memory decrements, without dissimulation, among patients with major depressive disorder

Ciaran M. Considine, Sara L. Weisenbach, Sara J. Walker, E. Michelle McFadden, Lindsay M. Franti, Linas A. Bieliauskas, Daniel F. Maixner, Bruno Giordani, Stanley Berent, Scott A. Langenecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Questions have been raised about whether poor performance on memory tasks by individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) might be the result of poor or variable effort or disease-related disruption of neural circuits supporting memory functions. The present study examined performance on a measure of task engagement and on an auditory memory task among 45 patients with MDD (M age = 47.82, SD = 19.55) relative to 32 healthy controls (HC; M age = 51.03, SD = 22.09). One-hundred percent of HC and MDD volunteers performed above the threshold for adequate effort on a formal measure of task engagement. The MDD subjects performed significantly more poorly than the HC subjects on an auditory learning and memory test. The present results suggest that auditory memory difficulties do occur among those with MDD and that decrements in performance in this group may be related to factors other than lack of effort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-453
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Learning and memory
  • Malingering/symptom validity testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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