Auditory function in the C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeSnJ mouse strains

Dennis R. Trune, J. Beth Kempton, Curtin Mitchell

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20 Scopus citations


The C3H inbred mouse strain arose in 1920 and includes several substrains, such as the C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeSnJ variants. However, use of these C3H mice in hearing research has been limited because their auditory function has not been described. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize auditory function in two C3H representative substrains, C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeSnJ mice were obtained from Jackson Laboratories for auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing at ages from 2 to 30 months. Animals were tested with tone bursts at frequencies of 4, 8, 16, 24, and 32 kHz. These early responses were evaluated for age-related threshold shifts as an index of peripheral auditory function. Both strains show normal sensitivity up to 14 months of age. Thresholds for both strains were slightly elevated at most frequencies at 18 months. C3H/HeSnJ mice tested at 30 months demonstrated little hearing function due to extensive sensorineural degeneration. Thus, these C3H strains maintain excellent cochlear function past 1 year of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalHearing Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 1996


  • Auditory brainstem response
  • C3H/HeJ substrain
  • C3H/HeSnJ substrain
  • Inner ear
  • Mouse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems


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