Attention to the Principles of Exercise Training in Exercise Studies of Persons With Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review

Mary E. Medysky, Kelcey A. Bland, Sarah E. Neil-Sztramko, Kristin L. Campbell, Donald R. Sullivan, Kerri M. Winters-Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors systematically reviewed and summarized exercise trials in persons with lung cancer on (a) attention to the principles of exercise training (specificity, progression, overload, initial values, reversibility, and diminishing returns); (b) methodological reporting of FITT (frequency, intensity, time, and type) components; and (c) reporting on participant adherence to prescribed FITT. Randomized controlled trials of exercise that reported on ≥1 physical fitness, physical function, or body composition outcome in persons with lung cancer were included. Of 20 trial arms, none incorporated all principles of exercise training. Specificity was included by 95%, progression by 45%, overload by 75%, and initial values by 80%, while one trial arm applied reversibility and diminishing returns. Fourteen interventions reported all FITT components; however, none reported adherence to each component. Including the principles of training and reporting FITT components will contribute to better understanding of the efficacy of exercise for persons with lung cancer and inform evidence-based exercise prescriptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1042-1052
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • aerobic exercise
  • exercise prescription
  • neoplasm
  • resistance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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