Attention and sensory interactions within the occipital cortex in the early blind: An fMRI study

Kurt E. Weaver, Alexander Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visual deprivation early in life results in occipital cortical responsiveness across a broad range of perceptual and cognitive tasks. In the reorganized occipital cortex of early blind (EB) individuals, the relative lack of specificity for particular sensory stimuli and tasks suggests that attention effects may play a prominent role in these areas. We wished to establish whether occipital cortical areas in the EB were responsive to stimuli across sensory modalities (auditory, tactile) and whether these areas maintained or altered their activity as a function of selective attention. Using a three-stimulus oddball paradigm and event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging, auditory and tactile tasks presented separately demonstrated that several occipital regions of interest (ROIs) in the EB, but not sighted controls (SCs), responded to targets and task-irrelevant distracter stimuli of both modalities. When auditory and tactile stimuli were presented simultaneously with subjects alternating attention between sensory streams, only the calcarine sulcus continued to respond to stimuli in both modalities. In all other ROIs, responses to auditory targets were as large or larger than those observed in the auditory-alone condition, but responses to tactile targets were attenuated or abolished by the presence of unattended auditory stimuli. Both auditory and somatosensory cortices responded consistently to auditory and tactile targets, respectively. These results reveal mechanisms of orienting and selective attention within the visual cortex of EB individuals and suggest that mechanisms of enhancement and suppression interact asymmetrically on auditory and tactile streams during bimodal sensory presentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-330
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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Occipital Lobe
Touch
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Auditory Cortex
Somatosensory Cortex
Visual Cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Attention and sensory interactions within the occipital cortex in the early blind : An fMRI study. / Weaver, Kurt E.; Stevens, Alexander.

In: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 19, No. 2, 02.2007, p. 315-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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