Attempts to produce superheavy elements by fusion of 48Ca with 248Cm in the bombarding energy range of 4.5-5.2 MeV/u

W. Brüchle, Y. K. Agarwal, P. Armbruster, M. Brügger, J. P. Dufour, H. Gäggeler, F. P. Hessberger, S. Hofmann, P. Lemmertz, G. Münzenberg, K. Poppensieker, W. Reisdorf, M. Schädel, K. H. Schmidt, J. H.R. Schneider, W. F.W. Schneider, K. Sümmerer, D. Vermeulen, G. Wirth, A. GhiorsoK. E. Gregorich, D. Lee, M. Leino, K. J. Moody, G. T. Seaborg, R. B. Welch, Phillip Wilmarth, S. Yashita, C. Frink, N. Greulich, G. Herrmann, U. Hickmann, N. Hildebrand, J. V. Kratz, N. Trautmann, W. R. Daniels, M. M. Fowler, D. C. Hoffman, H. R. Von Gunten, H. Dornhöfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A search for superheavy elements which are expected to occur around the predicted nuclear shell closures at atomic number 114 and neutron number 184 was made in bombardments of 248Cm with 48Ca ions. We have carried out this search at energies close to the Coulomb barrier to keep the excitation energy of the compound nucleus Z = 116, A = 296 as low as possible. The experiments were performed at the accelerators SUPERHILAC (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL)) and UNILAC (GSI) and used a variety of improved physical and chemical techniques for the isolation and detection of superheavy elements to increase the sensitivity relative to earlier experiments. The small-angle separator system (SASSY) at LBL and the separator for heavy-ion reaction products (SHIP) at GSI were used for shortlived nuclides, and several radiochemical techniques were applied for longer half-lives. Although a broad range of half-lives, 10-6 to 108 s, and excitation energies, 16 to 40 MeV, has been examined, no evidence for the formation of superheavy elements with cross sections greater than 10-34 to 10-35 cm2 was found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-432
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of The Less-Common Metals
Volume122
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Excitation energy
Separators
Fusion reactions
Heavy Ions
Heavy ions
Reaction products
Isotopes
Particle accelerators
Neutrons
Experiments
Ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Brüchle, W., Agarwal, Y. K., Armbruster, P., Brügger, M., Dufour, J. P., Gäggeler, H., ... Dornhöfer, H. (1986). Attempts to produce superheavy elements by fusion of 48Ca with 248Cm in the bombarding energy range of 4.5-5.2 MeV/u. Journal of The Less-Common Metals, 122(C), 425-432. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5088(86)90437-6

Attempts to produce superheavy elements by fusion of 48Ca with 248Cm in the bombarding energy range of 4.5-5.2 MeV/u. / Brüchle, W.; Agarwal, Y. K.; Armbruster, P.; Brügger, M.; Dufour, J. P.; Gäggeler, H.; Hessberger, F. P.; Hofmann, S.; Lemmertz, P.; Münzenberg, G.; Poppensieker, K.; Reisdorf, W.; Schädel, M.; Schmidt, K. H.; Schneider, J. H.R.; Schneider, W. F.W.; Sümmerer, K.; Vermeulen, D.; Wirth, G.; Ghiorso, A.; Gregorich, K. E.; Lee, D.; Leino, M.; Moody, K. J.; Seaborg, G. T.; Welch, R. B.; Wilmarth, Phillip; Yashita, S.; Frink, C.; Greulich, N.; Herrmann, G.; Hickmann, U.; Hildebrand, N.; Kratz, J. V.; Trautmann, N.; Daniels, W. R.; Fowler, M. M.; Hoffman, D. C.; Von Gunten, H. R.; Dornhöfer, H.

In: Journal of The Less-Common Metals, Vol. 122, No. C, 01.01.1986, p. 425-432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brüchle, W, Agarwal, YK, Armbruster, P, Brügger, M, Dufour, JP, Gäggeler, H, Hessberger, FP, Hofmann, S, Lemmertz, P, Münzenberg, G, Poppensieker, K, Reisdorf, W, Schädel, M, Schmidt, KH, Schneider, JHR, Schneider, WFW, Sümmerer, K, Vermeulen, D, Wirth, G, Ghiorso, A, Gregorich, KE, Lee, D, Leino, M, Moody, KJ, Seaborg, GT, Welch, RB, Wilmarth, P, Yashita, S, Frink, C, Greulich, N, Herrmann, G, Hickmann, U, Hildebrand, N, Kratz, JV, Trautmann, N, Daniels, WR, Fowler, MM, Hoffman, DC, Von Gunten, HR & Dornhöfer, H 1986, 'Attempts to produce superheavy elements by fusion of 48Ca with 248Cm in the bombarding energy range of 4.5-5.2 MeV/u', Journal of The Less-Common Metals, vol. 122, no. C, pp. 425-432. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5088(86)90437-6
Brüchle, W. ; Agarwal, Y. K. ; Armbruster, P. ; Brügger, M. ; Dufour, J. P. ; Gäggeler, H. ; Hessberger, F. P. ; Hofmann, S. ; Lemmertz, P. ; Münzenberg, G. ; Poppensieker, K. ; Reisdorf, W. ; Schädel, M. ; Schmidt, K. H. ; Schneider, J. H.R. ; Schneider, W. F.W. ; Sümmerer, K. ; Vermeulen, D. ; Wirth, G. ; Ghiorso, A. ; Gregorich, K. E. ; Lee, D. ; Leino, M. ; Moody, K. J. ; Seaborg, G. T. ; Welch, R. B. ; Wilmarth, Phillip ; Yashita, S. ; Frink, C. ; Greulich, N. ; Herrmann, G. ; Hickmann, U. ; Hildebrand, N. ; Kratz, J. V. ; Trautmann, N. ; Daniels, W. R. ; Fowler, M. M. ; Hoffman, D. C. ; Von Gunten, H. R. ; Dornhöfer, H. / Attempts to produce superheavy elements by fusion of 48Ca with 248Cm in the bombarding energy range of 4.5-5.2 MeV/u. In: Journal of The Less-Common Metals. 1986 ; Vol. 122, No. C. pp. 425-432.
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abstract = "A search for superheavy elements which are expected to occur around the predicted nuclear shell closures at atomic number 114 and neutron number 184 was made in bombardments of 248Cm with 48Ca ions. We have carried out this search at energies close to the Coulomb barrier to keep the excitation energy of the compound nucleus Z = 116, A = 296 as low as possible. The experiments were performed at the accelerators SUPERHILAC (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL)) and UNILAC (GSI) and used a variety of improved physical and chemical techniques for the isolation and detection of superheavy elements to increase the sensitivity relative to earlier experiments. The small-angle separator system (SASSY) at LBL and the separator for heavy-ion reaction products (SHIP) at GSI were used for shortlived nuclides, and several radiochemical techniques were applied for longer half-lives. Although a broad range of half-lives, 10-6 to 108 s, and excitation energies, 16 to 40 MeV, has been examined, no evidence for the formation of superheavy elements with cross sections greater than 10-34 to 10-35 cm2 was found.",
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T1 - Attempts to produce superheavy elements by fusion of 48Ca with 248Cm in the bombarding energy range of 4.5-5.2 MeV/u

AU - Brüchle, W.

AU - Agarwal, Y. K.

AU - Armbruster, P.

AU - Brügger, M.

AU - Dufour, J. P.

AU - Gäggeler, H.

AU - Hessberger, F. P.

AU - Hofmann, S.

AU - Lemmertz, P.

AU - Münzenberg, G.

AU - Poppensieker, K.

AU - Reisdorf, W.

AU - Schädel, M.

AU - Schmidt, K. H.

AU - Schneider, J. H.R.

AU - Schneider, W. F.W.

AU - Sümmerer, K.

AU - Vermeulen, D.

AU - Wirth, G.

AU - Ghiorso, A.

AU - Gregorich, K. E.

AU - Lee, D.

AU - Leino, M.

AU - Moody, K. J.

AU - Seaborg, G. T.

AU - Welch, R. B.

AU - Wilmarth, Phillip

AU - Yashita, S.

AU - Frink, C.

AU - Greulich, N.

AU - Herrmann, G.

AU - Hickmann, U.

AU - Hildebrand, N.

AU - Kratz, J. V.

AU - Trautmann, N.

AU - Daniels, W. R.

AU - Fowler, M. M.

AU - Hoffman, D. C.

AU - Von Gunten, H. R.

AU - Dornhöfer, H.

PY - 1986/1/1

Y1 - 1986/1/1

N2 - A search for superheavy elements which are expected to occur around the predicted nuclear shell closures at atomic number 114 and neutron number 184 was made in bombardments of 248Cm with 48Ca ions. We have carried out this search at energies close to the Coulomb barrier to keep the excitation energy of the compound nucleus Z = 116, A = 296 as low as possible. The experiments were performed at the accelerators SUPERHILAC (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL)) and UNILAC (GSI) and used a variety of improved physical and chemical techniques for the isolation and detection of superheavy elements to increase the sensitivity relative to earlier experiments. The small-angle separator system (SASSY) at LBL and the separator for heavy-ion reaction products (SHIP) at GSI were used for shortlived nuclides, and several radiochemical techniques were applied for longer half-lives. Although a broad range of half-lives, 10-6 to 108 s, and excitation energies, 16 to 40 MeV, has been examined, no evidence for the formation of superheavy elements with cross sections greater than 10-34 to 10-35 cm2 was found.

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