ATP from glycolysis is required for normal sodium homeostasis in resting fast-twitch rodent skeletal muscle

K. E.N. Okamoto, Weiyang Wang, J. A.N. Rounds, Elizabeth A. Chambers, Danny O. Jacobs

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Myocellular sodium homeostasis is commonly disrupted during critical illness for unknown reasons. Recent data suggest that changes in intracellular sodium content and the amount of ATP provided by glycolysis are closely related. The role of glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation in providing fuel to the Na+-K+ pump was investigated in resting rat extensor digitorum longus muscles incubated at 30°C for 1 h. Oxidative inhibition with carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, known as CCCP (0.2 μM), or by hypooxygenation did not alter myocellular sodium or potassium content ([Na+]i, [K+]i, respectively), whereas treatment with iodoacetic acid (0.3 mM), which effectively blocked glycolysis, dramatically increased [Na+]i and the [Na+]i/[K+]i ratio. Experiments using ouabain and measurements of myocellular high-energy phosphates indicate that Na+-K+-ATPase activity is only impaired when glycolysis is inhibited. The data suggest that normal glycolysis is required to regulate intracellular sodium in fast-twitch skeletal muscles, because it is the predominant source of the fuel for the Na+-K+ -ATPase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E479-E488
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number3 44-3
StatePublished - Oct 1 2001



  • High-energy phosphate
  • Metabolic inhibition
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Sodium-potassium-adenosine triphosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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