We previously demonstrated that hIK1 is activated directly by ATP in excised, inside-out patches in a protein kinase A inhibitor 5-24 dependent manner, suggesting a role for phosphorylation in the regulation of this Ca(2+)-dependent channel. However, mutation of the single consensus cAMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation site (S334A) failed to modify the response of hIK1 to ATP (Gerlach, A. C., Gangopadhyay, N. N., and Devor, D. C. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 585-598). Here we demonstrate that ATP does not similarly activate the highly homologous Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels, hSK1, rSK2, and rSK3. To define the region of hIK1 responsible for the ATP-dependent regulation, we generated a series of hIK1 truncations and hIK1/rSK2 chimeras. ATP did not activate a chimera containing the N terminus plus S1-S4 from hIK1. In contrast, ATP activated a chimera containing the hIK1 C-terminal amino acids His(299)-Lys(427). Furthermore, truncation of hIK1 at Leu(414) resulted in an ATP-dependent channel, whereas larger truncations of hIK1 failed to express. Additional hIK1/rSK2 chimeras defined the minimal region of hIK1 required to confer complete ATP sensitivity as including amino acids Arg(355)-Ala(413). An alanine scan of all non-conserved serines and threonines within this region failed to alter the response of hIK1 to ATP, suggesting that hIK1 itself is not directly phosphorylated. Additionally, substitution of amino acids Arg(355)-Met(368) of hIK1 into the corresponding region of rSK2 resulted in an ATP-dependent activation, which was approximately 50% of that of hIK1. These results demonstrate that amino acids Arg(355)-Ala(413) within the C terminus of hIK1 confer sensitivity to ATP. Finally, we demonstrate that the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of hIK1 or an associated protein is independent of Ca(2+).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 15 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas