A:T → G:C base pair substitutions occur at a higher rate than other substitution events in Pms2 deficient mouse cells

Chi Y. Shin, Mitchell S. Turker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mismatch repair pathway involves multiple proteins that are required to correct DNA polymerase generated mismatches before they become mutations. It has been shown recently, that the predominant base-pair substitution events leading to loss of endogenous Aprt activity in Pms2 null mouse cells are A:T→G:C mutations (Oncogene 21 (2002) 1768, Oncogene 21 (2002) 2840). To determine if this observation could be explained by an increased rate of A:T→G:C mutations relative to other base-pair substitutions, we developed a reversion assay to examine G:C→A:T, C:G→A:T, and A:T→G:C mutations within mouse Aprt in a Pms2 null mouse kidney cell line. The results demonstrated a 6-50-fold increase in the rate of the A:T→G:C mutations relative to the other base-pair substitutions. Additional work demonstrated that growth of the Pms2 null cells in antioxidant containing medium reduced the rate of the A:T→G:C mutations. The results are discussed with regards to the role of mismatch repair proteins in preventing base-pair substitutions, including those induced by oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-1001
Number of pages7
JournalDNA Repair
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2002

Keywords

  • Aprt
  • DNA mismatch repair
  • Mammalian reversion assay
  • Oxidative stress
  • Pms2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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